The GTP cyclohydrolase I (GTP-CH) gene of the cellular slime mould Dictyostelium discoideum has been cloned and sequenced. The 855 bp cDNA of this gene contains the open reading frame (ORF) encoding 232 amino acids with a predicted molecular mass of approx. 26 kDa. Southern blot analysis indicated the presence of a single gene for GTP-CH in Dictyostelium. PCR amplification of the ORF from chromosomal DNA and sequencing showed the existence of a 101 bp intron in the GTP-CH gene of Dictyostelium discoideum. The amino acid sequence has 47% and 49% positional identity to those of the human and yeast enzymes respectively. Most of the sequence variation between species is located in the N-terminal part of the protein. The overall identity with the E. coli protein is markedly lower. The enzyme was expressed in E. coli and purified as a 68 kDa fusion protein with the maltose-binding protein of E. coli. GTP-CH of Dictyostelium is heat-stable and showed maximal activity at 60 °C. The Km value for GTP is 50 µM.
The nucleotide sequence data reported have been deposited in the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ Nucleotide Sequence Databases under accession no. Z49706.