Polypeptide growth factors promote cell-cycle progression in part by the transcriptional activation of a diverse group of specific genes. We have used an mRNA differential-display approach to identify several fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-1 (acidic FGF)-inducible genes in NIH 3T3 cells. Here we report that one of these genes, called FGF-regulated (FR)-3, is predicted to encode G/T mismatch-binding protein (GTBP), a component of the mammalian DNA mismatch correction system. The murine GTBP gene is transiently expressed after FGF-1 or calf serum treatment, with maximal mRNA levels detected at 12 and 18 h post-stimulation. FGF-1-stimulated NIH 3T3 cells also express an increased amount of GTBP as determined by immunoblot analysis. These results indicate that elevated levels of GTBP may be required during the DNA synthesis phase of the cell cycle for efficient G/T mismatch recognition and repair.
Present address: Laboratory of Neurochemistry, National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, MD 20850, U.S.A.
The nucleotide sequences reported in this paper have been deposited in GenBank (accession numbers U61388 and U61389).