Amyloplasts were isolated and purified from wheat endosperm and the envelope membranes reconstituted into liposomes. Envelope membranes were solubilized in n-octyl β-D-glucopyranoside and mixed with liposomes supplemented with 5.6 mol% cholesterol to produce proteoliposomes of defined size, which showed negligible leakage of internal substrates. Transport experiments with proteoliposomes revealed a counter-exchange of glucose 1-phosphate (Glc1P), glucose 6-phosphate (Glc6P), inorganic phosphate (Pi), 3-phosphoglycerate and dihydroxyacetone phosphate. The Glc1P/Pi counter-exchange reaction exhibited an apparent Km for Glc1P of 0.4 mM. Glc6P was a competitive inhibitor of Glc1P transport (Ki 0.8 mM), and the two hexose phosphates could exchange with each other, indicating the operation of a single carrier protein. Glc1P/Pi antiport in proteoliposomes showed an exchange stoichiometry at pH 8.0 of 1 mol of phosphate transported per mol of sugar phosphate.

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