In several cell types, Ca2+ release from intracellular Ca2+ stores by Ins(1,4,5)P3 elicits Ca2+ influx from the extracellular space into the cytoplasm, termed store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE). In MDCK cells, the Ins(1,4,5)P3-sensitive Ca2+ store giving rise to SOCE essentially overlaps with the thapsigargin (TG)-sensitive store. Recent evidence suggests that in MDCK cells lysosomes form a Ca2+ pool that is functionally coupled with the Ins(1,4,5)P3-sensitive Ca2+ store: Ca2+ can be selectively released from lysosomes by glycyl-L-phenylalanine naphthylamide, an agent inducing lysosomal swelling with subsequent and reversible permeabilization of the vesicular membranes. This compartment is also depleted by Ins(1,4,5)P3-dependent agonists or TG, indicating that it is part of a larger, Ins(1,4,5)P3-sensitive Ca2+ pool. Here we show that whereas SOCE is triggered by Ca2+ release from the entire Ins(1,4,5)P3-sensitive Ca2+ pool, selective Ca2+ release from lysosomes alone is unable to trigger SOCE. This finding is consistent with measurements of the store-operated cation current, a direct parameter for store-operated Ca2+ and Na+ entry into MDCK cells. Hence it is proposed that the Ins(1,4,5)P3-sensitive Ca2+ pool is composed of different intracellular compartments that do not uniformly stimulate Ca2+ entry into the cell.
The lysosomal Ca2+ pool in MDCK cells can be released by ins(1,4,5)P3-dependent hormones or thapsigargin but does not activate store-operated Ca2+ entry
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Thomas HALLER, Harald VÖLKL, Peter DEETJEN, Paul DIETL; The lysosomal Ca2+ pool in MDCK cells can be released by ins(1,4,5)P3-dependent hormones or thapsigargin but does not activate store-operated Ca2+ entry. Biochem J 1 November 1996; 319 (3): 909–912. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj3190909
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