The binding of tetrahydropteridines with 6-di- and trihydroxypropyl side chains to recombinant rat neuronal nitric oxide (NO) synthase (EC was determined by competition with 6R-[3´-3H]-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-L-erythro-biopterin (6R-[3´-3H]H4biopterin). Although all but one of the derivatives exhibited only poor affinities (Ki 50 µM), the 4-amino analogue of 6R-H4biopterin was a potent antagonist of 6R-H4biopterin binding (Ki 13.2 nM). The 4-amino analogue of 6R-H4 biopterin inhibited NO synthase stimulation by the natural cofactor 6R-H4biopterin with an IC50 of 1 µM without affecting the basal activity observed in the absence of added 6R-H4biopterin. Because the 4-amino analogue of 6R-H4biopterin also inhibited dihydropteridine reductase (EC; IC50 20 µM), our results support the hypothesis that redox cycling of H4biopterin might be required for the NO synthase reaction.

This content is only available as a PDF.