Protein kinase C (PKC) isoforms phosphorylated phospholipase C-β1 (PLC-β1) in vitro as follows: PKCα ≫ PKCϵ; not PKCζ. PLC-β3 was not phosphorylated by PKCα. G-protein βγ subunits inhibited the PKCα phosphorylation of PLC-β1 in a concentration-dependent manner. Half-maximal inhibition occurred with 500 nM βγ. G-protein βγ subunits also antagonized the PKCα-mediated inhibition of PLC-β1 enzymic activity. PKCα, in turn, inhibited the stimulation of PLC-β1 activity by βγ. There was little effect of PKCα on the stimulation of PLC-β1 by αq/11–guanosine 5′[γ-thio]triphosphate (GTP[S]). These findings demonstrate that G protein βγ subunits antagonize PKCα regulation of PLC-β1. Thus βγ subunits might have a role in modulating the negative feedback regulation of this signalling system by PKC.

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