cAMP-induced Ca2+ influx in Dictyostelium follows two pathways: a G-protein-dependent pathway where influx is reduced by 50–70% in Gα2 and Gβ-negative strains and a heterotrimeric G-protein-independent pathway. Using a pharmacological approach, we found that phospholipase A2 (PLA2) is the target of both pathways. The products of PLA2 activity, arachidonic acid (AA) and palmitic acid, induced Ca2+ influx to a similar extent as cAMP. Half-maximal activation occurred at 3 μM AA and saturation at 10 μM AA. The response to AA was quantitatively similar throughout early differentiation and thusindependent of cAMP-receptor concentration. Synergy experiments revealed that cAMP and AA acted through identical pathways. The PLA2-activating peptide, a peptide with sequence similarity to the G-protein β-subunit, activated Ca2+ influx. The G-protein-independent pathway was sensitive to genistein but not to blockers of protein kinase C and other kinases, suggesting that tyrosine kinase may directly or indirectly activate PLA2 in this case.

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