Human glutathione transferases (GSTs) from Alpha (A), Mu (M) and Theta (T) classes exhibited glutathione peroxidase activity towards phospholipid hydroperoxide. The specific activities are in the order: GST A1-1 > GST T1-1 > GST M1-1 > GST A2-2 > GST A4-4. Using a specific and sensitive HPLC method, specific activities towards the phospholipid hydroperoxide, 1-palmitoyl-2-(13-hydroperoxy-cis-9, trans-11-octadecadienoyl)-l-3-phosphatidylcholine (PLPC-OOH) were determined to be in the range of 0.8–20 nmol/min per mg of protein. Two human class Pi (P) enzymes (GST P1-1 with Ile or Val at position 105) displayed no activity towards the phospholipid hydroperoxide. Michaelis–Menten kinetics were followed only for glutathione, whereas there was a linear dependence of rate with PLPC-OOH concentration. Unlike the selenium-dependent phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase (Se-PHGPx), the presence of detergent inhibited the activity of GST A1-1 on PLPC-OOH. Also, in contrast with Se-PHGPx, only glutathione could act as the reducing agent for GST A1-1. A GST A1-1 mutant (Arg15Lys), which retains the positive charge between the GSH- and hydrophobic binding sites, exhibited a decreased kcat for PLPC-OOH but not for CDNB, suggesting that the correct topography of the GSH site is more critical for the phospholipid substrate. A Met208Ala mutation, which gives a modified hydrophobic site, decreased the kcat for CDNB and PLPC-OOH by comparable amounts. These results indicate that Alpha, Mu and Theta class human GSTs provide protection against accumulation of cellular phospholipid hydroperoxides.
Phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase activity of human glutathione transferases
- Views Icon Views
- PDF LinkPDF
- Share Icon Share
- Cite Icon Cite
Rachel HURST, Yongping BAO, Per JEMTH, Bengt MANNERVIK, Gary WILLIAMSON; Phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase activity of human glutathione transferases. Biochem J 15 May 1998; 332 (1): 97–100. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj3320097
Download citation file: