Mutation analysis of putative regulatory elements located in the 5´-flanking region of the gene encoding the regulatory subunit of γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase (GLCLR) revealed that neither an antioxidant-responsive element (ARE) nor an activator protein-1 (AP-1) site regulates inducible expression by t-butylhydroquinone (tBHQ). The AP-1 site was found to modulate basal expression of GLCLR. A 42 bp region between nucleotides -303 and -344, not containing an ARE, was found to regulate inducible expression of GLCLR by tBHQ.

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