Hic-5 and paxillin, members of the LIM protein family, have been shown to be localized in focal adhesion and to have a role in integrin-mediated signalling. In the present study we examined the involvement of Hic-5 in human platelet activation: platelets express Hic-5 but not paxillin, whereas human umbilical-vein vascular endothelial cells and MEG-01 cells express mainly paxillin. When platelets were stimulated with thrombin, collagen or the stable thromboxane A2 analogue U46619, Hic-5 was markedly tyrosine-phosphorylated, in a manner dependent on integrin αIIbβ3-mediated aggregation. In addition, direct activation of protein kinase C with PMA resulted in tyrosine phosphorylation of Hic-5 only when platelets were fully aggregated with the exogenous addition of fibrinogen. Furthermore, PMA-induced Hic-5 tyrosine phosphorylation was also observed when platelets adhered to immobilized fibrinogen. In studies on immunoprecipitation and immunodepletion, Hic-5 seemed to associate with proline-rich tyrosine kinase 2 (Pyk2) but only marginally with focal adhesion kinase. When platelets were stimulated with thrombin, both Hic-5 and Pyk2 translocated to the cytoskeleton from the cytosol and membrane fractions in a manner dependent on αIIbβ3-mediated aggregation. Finally, on stimulation with PMA, Hic-5, as well as Pyk2, translocated to the cell periphery, where a meshwork of actin filaments assembled after adhesion to immobilized fibrinogen. Our results suggest that Hic-5 might be important in platelet aggregation and adhesion, in a manner dependent on αIIbβ3-mediated outside-in signalling, through association with Pyk2.
These two authors contributed equally to this work.