Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity in cultured ventricular cardiomyocytes from adult rat hearts was stimulated by the combination of insulin (100 nM) and dexamethasone (100 nM) during an overnight (16 h) incubation. Wortmannin (100 nM), rapamycin (30 ng/ml) or PD98059 (50 μ M) did not prevent this stimulation, suggesting that phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, p70 S6 kinase and the mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade are not involved in transducing the hormonal signal. In contrast, cytochalasin D (2 μ M) completely abolished the stimulatory effect of insulin and dexamethasone on both heparin-releasable LPL and total cellular LPL activities. The potential role of the actin cytoskeleton in the stimulation of LPL activity by insulin and dexamethasone appears to be distal to the initial signalling events since cytochalasin D is still effective in preventing the stimulation when added 2 h after the hormones.
Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity was studied in rat cardiomyocytes after overnight culture (16 h) in the presence of insulin (100 nM) and/or dexamethasone (100 nM). Insulin in combination with dexamethasone (INS/DEX) increased heparin-releasable LPL activity by 71% over the control level (566±85 versus 331±48 nmol/h·mg cell protein). This was accompanied by a 61% increase in total cellular LPL activity (914±89 versus 567±64 nmol/h·mg cell protein). The increase in LPL activity occurred at sub-nanomolar concentrations of the hormones, but neither hormone was effective alone. LPL protein mass, quantified by ELISA, was the same in both control and INS/DEX-treated cells (27.7 versus 28.6 ng/mg cell protein, respectively), thus LPL specific activity in cardiomyocytes was increased by INS/DEX treatment (0.113 versus 0.069 mU/ng LPL protein). These findings emphasize the importance of hormonal interactions in the regulation of LPL in heart tissue.