Aspergillus fumigatus (Fresenius), IMI 246651, A.T.C.C. 46324, produces two β-glucosidase enzymes, cotton-solubilizing activity, xylanase and endoglucanase enzymes which can be separated by gel-filtration chromatography. The major endoglucanase does not bind to concanavalin A-Sepharose and does not stain with periodic acid/Schiff reagent. It is homogeneous on polyacrylamide isoelectric focusing (pI = 7.1) and has a mol.wt. of 12500 by sodium dodecyl sulphate/polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis. The endoglucanase produces glucose and a mixture of oligosaccharides from cellulose; the purified enzyme has a small dextranase activity. It is stable at 50 degrees C and pH 6.
1. Protein-free walls of Micrococcus sp. 2102 contain peptidoglycan, poly-(N-acetylglucosamine 1-phosphate) and small amounts of glycerol phosphate. 2. After destruction of the poly-(N-acetylglucosamine 1-phosphate) with periodate, the glycerol phosphate remains attached to the wall, but can be removed by controlled alkaline hydrolysis. The homogeneous product comprises a chain of three glycerol phosphates and an additional phosphate residue. 3. The poly-(N-acetylglucosamine 1-phosphate) is attached through its terminal phosphate to one end of the tri(glycerol phosphate). 4. The other end of the glycerol phosphate trimer is attached through its terminal phosphate to the 3-or 4-position of an N-acetylglucosamine. It is concluded that the sequence of residues in the sugar 1-phosphate polymer-peptidoglycan complex is: (N-acetylglucosamine 1-phosphate)24-(glycerol phosphate)3-N-acetylglucosamine 1-phosphate-muramic acid (in peptidoglycan). Thus in this organism the phosphorylated wall polymer is attached to the peptidoglycan of the wall through a linkage unit comprising a chain of three glycerol phosphate residues and an N-acetylglucosamine 1-phosphate, similar to or identical with the linkage unit in Staphylococcus aureus H.
1. The following enzymes of the phosphorylated pathway of serine biosynthesis have been found in methanol- and succinate-grown Pseudomonas AM1: phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase, phosphoserine-α-oxoglutarate aminotransferase and phosphoserine phosphohydrolase. Their specific activities were similar in the organism grown on either substrate. 2. A procedure for preparation of auxotrophic mutants of Pseudomonas AM1 is described involving N -methyl- N ′-nitro- N -nitrosoguanidine as mutagen and a penicillin enrichment step. 3. A mutant, M-15A, has been isolated that is unable to grow on methanol and that lacks phenazine methosulphate-linked methanol dehydrogenase. The mutant is able to grow on methylamine, showing that the amine is not oxidized by way of methanol. 4. Loss of methanol dehydrogenase activity in mutant M-15A led to loss of phenazine methosulphate-linked formaldehyde dehydrogenase activity showing that the same enzyme is probably responsible for both activities. 5. A mutant, 20B-L, has been isolated that cannot grow on any C 1 compound tested but can grow on succinate. 6. Mutant 20B-L lacks hydroxypyruvate reductase, and revertants that regained the ability to grow on methanol, methylamine and formate contained hydroxypyruvate reductase activity at specific activities similar to that of the wild-type organism. This shows that hydroxypyruvate reductase is necessary for growth on methanol, methylamine and formate but not for growth on succinate. 7. The results suggest that during growth of Pseudomonas AM1 on C 1 compounds, serine is converted into 3-phosphoglycerate by a non-phosphorylated pathway, whereas during growth on succinate, phosphoglycerate is converted into serine by a phosphorylated pathway.