The interfacial properties of bovine testicular hyaluronidase were investigated by demonstrating the association of hyaluronidase activity with membranes prepared from bovine testis. Protein adsorption to the air/water interface was investigated using surface pressure-area isotherms. In whichever way the interfacial films were obtained (protein injection or deposition), the hyaluronidase exhibited a significant affinity for the air/water interface. The isotherm obtained 180 min after protein injection into a pH 5.3 subphase was similar to the isotherm obtained after spreading the same amount of protein onto the same subphase, indicating that bovine testicular hyaluronidase molecules adopted a similar arrangement and/or conformation at the interface. Increasing the subphase pH from 5.3 to 8 resulted in changes of the protein isotherms. These modifications, which could correspond to the small pH-induced conformational changes observed by Fourier-transform IR spectroscopy, were discussed in relation to the pH influence on the hyaluronidase activity. Adding hyaluronic acid, the enzyme substrate, to the subphase tested the stability of the interfacial properties of hyaluronidase. The presence of hyaluronic acid in the subphase did not modify the protein adsorption and allowed substrate binding to a preformed film of hyaluronidase at pH 5.3, the optimal pH for the enzyme activity. Such effects of hyaluronic acid were not observed when the subphase was constituted of pure water, a medium where the enzyme activity was negligible. These influences of hyaluronic acid were discussed in relation to the modelled structure of bovine testis hyaluronidase where a hydrophobic region was proposed to be opposite of the catalytic site.
The methylated nucleotide sequences in the rRNA molecules of the following vertebrate cultured cells were compared: human (HeLa); hamster (BHK/C13); mouse (L); chick-embryo fibroblast; Xenopus laevis kidney. In each species the combined 18S, 28S and 5.8S molecules possess approx. 110-115 methyl groups, and the methylated oligonucleotides released after complete digestion of the rRNA by T1 ribonuclease encompass several hundred nucleotides. “Fingerprints” of the three mammalian methyl-labelled 18S rRNA species were qualitatively indistinguishable. “Fingerprints” of digests of 28S rRNA of hamster and mouse L-cells were extremely similar to those of HeLa cells, differing in one and three methylated oligonucleotides respectively. “Fingerprints” of methyl-labelled rRNA from chick and Xenopus strongly resembled those of mammals in most respects, but differed in several oligonucleotides in both 18S and 28S rRNA. At least some of the differences between “fingerprints” appear to be due to single base changes or to the presence or absence of methyl groups at particular points in the primary sequence. The findings strongly suggest that the methylated-nucleotide sequences are at least 95% homologous between the rRNA molecules of the two most distantly related vertebrates compared, man and Xenopus laevis.