1. Ruthenium Red-insensitive Ca2+ transport in the mouse ascites sarcoma 180/TG is enriched in a ‘heavy’ microsomal fraction (microsomes) sedimented at 35 000 g for 20 min. The subcellular distribution of this Ca2+ transport differed from that of Ruthenium Red-sensitive Ca2+ transport and (Na+ + K+)-dependent ATPase activity, but was similar to that of glucose 6-phosphatase. 2. The affinity of this transport system for ‘free’ Ca2+ is high (Km approx. 6 microM) and that for MgATP somewhat lower (Km approx. 100 microM). Ca2+ transport by the tumour microsomes, by contrast with that by liver microsomes, was greatly stimulated by low concentrations of P1. 3. Although incubation of intact ascites cells with glucagon led to an increase in intracellular cyclic AMP, no stable increase in the initial rate of Ca2+ transport in the subsequently isolated ‘heavy’ microsomes could be detected as in similar experiments carried out previously with rat liver cells. Reconstitution experiments suggest that a deficiency exists in the tumour microsomal membrane such that an action of glucagon that is normally present in rat liver microsomes is not evoked.