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Keywords: Sp1
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Articles
Biochem J (2018) 475 (12): 2073–2090.
Published: 29 June 2018
..., SINHCAF (SIN3A and HDAC-associated factor)/FAM60A (family of homology 60A), links the SIN3A–HDAC co-repressor complex function to the hypoxia response. We show that SINHCAF specifically represses HIF-2α mRNA and protein expression, via its interaction with the transcription factor SP1 (specificity protein...
Includes: Supplementary data
Articles
Biochem J (2006) 393 (3): 779–788.
Published: 13 January 2006
... synthesis of two types of transcript, and Sp1 and Sp3 are key regulators of basal transcription from both the upstream and the internal promoter, as indicated by EMSAs (electrophoretic mobility-shift assays) and site-directed mutagenesis. Bisulphite sequencing analysis demonstrated that the upstream...
Articles
Biochem J (2005) 392 (1): 1–11.
Published: 08 November 2005
...Gwen Lomberk; Raul Urrutia Sp1 is one of the best characterized transcriptional activators. The biological importance of Sp1 is underscored by the fact that several hundreds of genes are thought to be regulated by this protein. However, during the last 5 years, a more extended family of Sp1-like...
Articles
Biochem J (2005) 388 (1): 325–332.
Published: 10 May 2005
...-4α core promoter enriched in Sp1, but lacking DR-1 response elements. Also, negative autoregulation by HNF-4α1 was independent of its transactivation function, being similarly exerted by transcriptional-defective MODY-1 missense mutants of HNF-4α1, or under conditions of suppressing or enhancing HNF...
Articles
Biochem J (2005) 386 (1): 161–168.
Published: 08 February 2005
... contrast, SREBP-1a mRNA levels are relatively low and constant in different tissues and few studies have specifically analysed its pattern of expression and regulation. In the present study, we show that the promoter for SREBP-1a is contained in a very small promoter-proximal region containing two Sp1...
Articles
Biochem J (2004) 383 (2): 249–257.
Published: 08 October 2004
... region was localized to 158 bp flanking the transcriptional start sites. By gel shift and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays, USF (upstream stimulatory factor), Sp1 and Ikaros-related proteins were bound to consensus elements (one E-box, two GC-box and three Ikaros) within this region. The functional...
Articles
Biochem J (2004) 382 (3): 975–980.
Published: 07 September 2004
..., revealed that the region between −83 and 60 bp upstream of the transcription start site was essential for transcriptional activity. Furthermore, mutational analysis demonstrated that a putative Sp1 site in this region was critical to the expression of the reporter gene. Electrophoretic mobility-shift...
Articles
Biochem J (2004) 380 (3): 735–747.
Published: 15 June 2004
... (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271 , 15074–15083]. In the present study, we show that the expression of MT1-MMP within the context of MCs is mediated by three discrete cis -acting elements: a proximal non-canonical Sp1 site that preferentially binds Sp1; an overlapping Sp1/Egr-1-binding site that preferentially...
Articles
Biochem J (2004) 377 (3): 797–808.
Published: 01 February 2004
..., an essential factor in the signalling cascade activated by TGF-β (transforming growth factor-β), and Sp1, an important factor in the regulation of MUC5AC . This led us to study Muc5ac regulation by TGF-β. We show that exogenous addition of TGF-β to the cells induces Muc5ac endogenous expression...
Articles
Biochem J (2003) 375 (2): 351–363.
Published: 15 October 2003
... -elements required for basal transcription are localized within the −316 to −68 bp region. In vitro band-shift and supershift assays showed that Sp1 and Sp3 transcription factors from RAW264.7 and J774A.1 macrophage nuclear extracts bound strongly to a distal GC-rich site within −278/−243 [specificity...
Articles
Biochem J (2003) 373 (3): 925–932.
Published: 01 August 2003
... the identification of three Sp1/Sp3-binding sites within this region, two of which are absolutely required both for promoter function and cell-type-specific activity. By Western blotting a panel of expressing and non-expressing breast tumour lines we show that the latter have higher levels of Sp3...
Articles
Biochem J (2003) 371 (2): 265–275.
Published: 15 April 2003
...Marta NICOLÁS; Vèronique NOÉ; Carlos J. CIUDAD We analysed in detail the minimal promoter of transcription factor Sp1, which extends 217bp from the initiation of transcription. Within this sequence we identified putative binding sites for Sp1, nuclear factor Y (NF-Y), activator protein 2 ('AP-2...
Articles
Biochem J (2001) 359 (3): 669–677.
Published: 25 October 2001
... HeLa nuclear extracts. Of these, three were completely competed with the SP1 and transforming growth factor-β retinoblastoma control-element CACCC box (RCE) probes, whereas the AP2 probe competed against the same three complexes partially. Supershift EMSA identified SP1 in the complex 1 and SP3 in the...
Articles
Biochem J (2000) 352 (2): 549–556.
Published: 24 November 2000
... subunit (RORα)-binding element], Sp1 and U (unknown) sites within 310bp directly 5′ to the transcription start site and additional elements within 2400bp 5′ to the transcription start site. To elucidate promoter regions important to tissue-preferential expression in vivo , transgenic mice were created...
Articles
Biochem J (2000) 351 (3): 661–668.
Published: 24 October 2000
... embedded in a GC-rich region (75% GC content), in which an Sp1-binding motif and a nuclear factor (NF)-κB-like element (NE-1) were found, but it lacked TATA and CAAT boxes. Mutational analysis and electrophoretic mobility-shift assay analysis revealed that Sp1 binds to the Sp1 site and that this element is...
Articles
Biochem J (2000) 351 (1): 251–256.
Published: 26 September 2000
...-encoded mitochondrial genes were unaffected by E2F1 or E2F6. Drosophila mitochondria oxidative phosphorylation Sp1 transcription 1 Permanent address: Cancer Research Institute, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovakia. 2 To whom correspondence should be addressed (e-mail...
Articles
Biochem J (2000) 348 (3): 675–686.
Published: 07 June 2000
... determined by primer-extension analysis. The region upstream of the transcription start site is characterized by the presence of a TATA box at bases -32/-26, DNA-binding elements for transcription factors c-Myc, N-Myc, Sp1 and nuclear factor ĸB as well as putative activator protein (AP)-1-, cAMP-response...
Articles
Biochem J (2000) 346 (1): 45–51.
Published: 08 February 2000
... transcription start site is located 83 bp upstream of the initiation codon. Chromosomal mapping localized the gene to mouse chromosome 7, region E3-F1. Sequence analysis of the proximal promoter region revealed several potential regulatory elements; these include the recognition elements of Sp1, Nkx, CP2, E2A...
Articles
Biochem J (1999) 338 (2): 343–350.
Published: 22 February 1999
.... Characterization of the positive regulatory domains by gel mobility-shift assays and co-transfection studies in Drosophila SL2 cells unequivocally demonstrated that Sp1-like transcription factors are essential for a high expression of the human nidogen gene. Analysis of the negative regulatory domains identified a...
Articles
Biochem J (1999) 337 (3): 507–512.
Published: 25 January 1999
... of the transcription start site. This region is required for optimal hINV gene expression. The DRR contains weak and strong activator elements. The strong activator comprises AP1- and Sp1-binding sites that combine to drive high-level promoter expression in human keratinocytes. Here we show that the...