Processing of most eukaryotic mRNAs includes and polyadenylation of the nascent transcript. Until now there has been no method for the reliable measurement of these processes in vivo. Therefore, in the present work a new technique was developed for measuring precisely the rate of cleavage and polyadenylation in vivo. The method uses a cis-antisense element targeted to an upstream poly (A) signal. Duplex formation of the antisense element with the poly (A) signal region prevents polyadenylation. In a series of expression vector constructs the antisense element was moved increasing distances downstream of its target poly (A) site, reasoning that if it takes the polymerase longer to reach the antisense element, polyadenylation would have more time to occur. Using this method the half time for commitment to cleavage and polyadenylation at the SV40 early poly (A) site and SPA (synthetic poly A site) was found to be 5 seconds. It was found that strong sites (SV 40 late poly (A) site) were processed faster. Commitment to cleavage and polyadenylation was found to be a multistep process. The expression results were confirmed with the help of RNase protection assay. Relationship between polyadenylation and transcription termination was also studied by using G-free assay and found to be positively correlated. Present data support looping moded suggesting some communication exists between polyadenylation complex and RNA pol. II for transcription termination.

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