Mechanical loading is paramount in regulating both the anabolic and catabolic activities of articular cartilage chondrocytes, essential for the matrix to retain its functional integrity. We have identified thymosin β4 as a putative mechanically regulated gene that may mediate load-enhanced synthesis and activation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) 2 and 9 in articular cartilage. The objective of this study was to confirm the mechanical regulation of thymosin β4 and determine its effect on cartilage chondrocyte MMP production. Thymosin β4 mRNA expression, analysed by quantitative PCR, revealed a significant 20-fold increase in cartilage loaded for 10 min which was still evident after 30 min of loading. Treatment of primary chondrocytes with 2 and 4 μg · ml-1 thymosin β4 peptide for 4 h significantly increased pro-MMP 9 expression and activation. We postulate a functional role for load-induced thymosin β4 in modulating the cytoskeletal organization of articular cartilage chondrocytes to affect MMP expression.
The effect of thymosin β4 on articular cartilage chondrocyte matrix metalloproteinase expression
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E. J. Blain, D. J. Mason, V. C. Duance; The effect of thymosin β4 on articular cartilage chondrocyte matrix metalloproteinase expression. Biochem Soc Trans 1 November 2002; 30 (6): 879–882. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bst0300879
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