Glycation of proteins, nucleotides and basic phospholipids by glucose, glyoxal, methylglyoxal, 3-deoxyglucosone and other saccharide derivatives is potentially damaging to the proteome and mutagenic. It is now recognized that there is an enzymatic defence against glycation – a group of enzymes that suppress the physiological levels of potent glycating agents and repair glycated proteins: glyoxalase I, aldehyde reductases and dehydrogenases, amadoriase and fructosamine 3-phosphokinase. The enzymatic defence against glycation influences morbidity and the efficiency of drug therapy in certain diseases. Improved understanding of the balance between glycation and the enzymatic anti-glycation defence will advance disease diagnosis and therapy.
Conference Article| December 01 2003
The enzymatic defence against glycation in health, disease and therapeutics: a symposium to examine the concept
Biochem Soc Trans (2003) 31 (6): 1341-1342.
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P.J. Thornalley; The enzymatic defence against glycation in health, disease and therapeutics: a symposium to examine the concept. Biochem Soc Trans 1 December 2003; 31 (6): 1341–1342. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bst0311341
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