Drug resistance can occur at several levels and is the major cause of treatment failure in oncology. The ABC (ATP-binding cassette) transporters, beginning with the discovery of P-gylcoprotein (Pgp) almost 30 years ago, have been intensively studied as potential mediators of drug resistance. Although we understand that drug resistance is almost certainly multifactorial, investigators have attempted to link anticancer drug resistance to overexpression of ABC transporters and the consequent reduction in drug accumulation. A body of evidence implicated Pgp as being important in clinical outcome; however, critical studies aimed at proving the hypothesis using Pgp inhibitors in clinical trials have to date failed. Identification of the MRP (multidrug resistance protein)/ABCC subfamily expanded the possible mechanisms of reduced drug accumulation, and the discovery of ABCG2 added a new chapter in these investigations. Correlative studies examining ABCG2 and the ABCC subfamily members in clinical drug resistance have been less avidly pursued, while basic molecular studies of structure and function have proceeded briskly. Recently, studies have focused on how single nucleotide polymorphism in multidrug transporters might affect the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of anticancer agents. These studies suggest an important role for ABC transporters in pharmacology, independent of the ultimate determination of their role in multidrug resistance.

You do not currently have access to this content.