The crystal structure of DMGO (dimethylglycine oxidase) from Arthrobacter globiformis in complex with folate compounds has revealed a novel THF (tetrahydrofolate)-binding fold [Leys, Basran and Scrutton (2003) EMBO J. 22, 4038–4048]. This fold is widespread among folate-binding proteins. The crystal structures of aminomethyltransferase (T-protein), YgfZ and TrmE all reveal similar THF-binding folds despite little similarity in sequence or function. The THF-binding site is highly specific for reduced folate compounds and most members of this fold family enhance the nucleophilic character of the THF N10 position.

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