Functional analyses of PDB (Paget's disease of bone)-associated mutants of the p62 [also known as SQSTM1 (sequestosome 1)] signalling adaptor protein represent an interesting paradigm for understanding not only the disease mechanism in this skeletal disorder, but also the critical determinants of ubiquitin recognition by an ubiquitin-binding protein. The 11 separate PDB mutations identified to date all affect the C-terminal region of p62 containing the UBA domain (ubiquitin-associated domain), a ubiquitin-binding element. All of these mutations have deleterious effects on ubiquitin binding by p62 in vitro, and there is evidence of an inverse relationship between ubiquitin-binding function and disease severity. The effects on ubiquitin-binding function of most of the mutations can be attributed to either reduced UBA domain stability, and/or the mutations affecting the presumed ubiquitin-binding interface of the UBA domain. However, a subset of the mutations are more difficult to rationalize; several of these affect sequences of p62 outside of the minimal ubiquitin-binding region, providing insights into non-UBA domain sequences within the host protein which mediate ubiquitin-binding affinity. The p62 mutations are presumed to result in activation of (osteoclast) NF-κB (nuclear factor κB) signalling. Understanding how loss of ubiquitin-binding function of p62 impacts on signal transduction events in osteoclasts will undoubtedly further our understanding of the disease mechanism in PDB at the molecular level.
p62 mutations, ubiquitin recognition and Paget's disease of bone
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R. Layfield, J.R. Cavey, D. Najat, J. Long, P.W. Sheppard, S.H. Ralston, M.S. Searle; p62 mutations, ubiquitin recognition and Paget's disease of bone. Biochem Soc Trans 1 October 2006; 34 (5): 735–737. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/BST0340735
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