Over the years, the association of peptide ligands to Family B GPCRs (G-protein coupled receptors) has been characterized by a number of experimental and theoretical techniques. For the PTH (parathyroid hormone) ligand–receptor system, important insight has been provided by photoaffinity labelling experiments and the elucidation of direct contact points between ligand and receptor. Our research has focused on the structural elucidation of the receptor domains shown to be involved in the binding of PTH. Employing a combination of carefully designed receptor domains, solution-state NMR carried out in the presence of membrane mimetics and extensive computer simulations, we have obtained a well-resolved model of the ligand–receptor complex for PTH. Here, we review the development of this model and highlight some inherent limitations of the methods employed and their consequences on interpretation of the ligand–receptor model.

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