The Tat (twin-arginine transport) pathway is a protein-targeting system dedicated to the transmembrane translocation of fully folded proteins. This system is highly prevalent in the cytoplasmic membranes of bacteria and archaea, and is also found in the thylakoid membranes of plant chloroplasts and possibly also in the inner membrane of plant mitochondria. Proteins are targeted to a membrane-embedded Tat translocase by specialized N-terminal twin-arginine signal peptides bearing an SRRXFLK amino acid motif. The genes encoding components of the Tat translocase were discovered approx. 10 years ago, and, since then, research in this area has expanded on a global scale. In this review, the key discoveries in this field are summarized, and recent studies of bacterial twin-arginine signal-peptide-binding proteins are discussed.
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Conference Article| October 25 2007
The twin-arginine transport system: moving folded proteins across membranes
F. Sargent 1
1Centre for Metalloprotein Spectroscopy and Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, U.K.
1Present address: Division of Molecular and Environmental Microbiology, College of Life Sciences, University of Dundee DD1 5EH, Scotland, U. K. (email firstname.lastname@example.org).
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F. Sargent; The twin-arginine transport system: moving folded proteins across membranes. Biochem Soc Trans 1 November 2007; 35 (5): 835–847. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/BST0350835
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