The correct assembly of the BACE (β-site amyloid precursor protein-cleaving enzyme or β-secretase) complex and its subsequent trafficking to cellular compartments where it associates with the APP (amyloid precursor protein) is essential for the production of Aβ (amyloid β-peptide), the protein whose aggregation into senile plaques is thought to be responsible for the pathogenesis of AD (Alzheimer's disease). These processes rely upon both transient and permanent BACE–protein interactions. This review will discuss what is currently known about these BACE–protein interactions and how they may reveal novel therapeutic targets for the treatment of AD.

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