Synapse elimination is a normal developmental process occurring throughout the central and peripheral nervous systems. Meanwhile, gradual and early loss of synapses is a characteristic that is common to several neurodegenerative disease states. Recent evidence has emerged implicating molecules canonically involved in the immune system and inflammation accompanying neurodegeneration (e.g. classical complement cascade) as important players in the normal elimination of synapses in the developing nervous system. As a result, a question has emerged as to whether mechanisms underlying elimination of synapses during normal development are recapitulated and contribute to early synapse loss and nervous system dysfunction during neurodegenerative disease. The present review explores this possibility and provides a description of many neuroimmune proteins that may participate in the elimination of synapses and synaptic dysfunction in the developing and diseased brain.
Skip Nav Destination
Conference Article| March 22 2010
Synapse elimination during development and disease: immune molecules take centre stage
Dorothy P. Schafer;
Beth Stevens 1
1Department of Neurology, F.M. Kirby Neurobiology Center, Children's Hospital Boston, and Program in Neuroscience, Harvard Medical School, 1 Blackfan Circle, Boston, MA 02115, U.S.A.
1To whom correspondence should be addressed (email firstname.lastname@example.org).
Search for other works by this author on:
Publisher: Portland Press Ltd
Received: December 16 2009
Online ISSN: 1470-8752
Print ISSN: 0300-5127
© The Authors Journal compilation © 2010 Biochemical Society
Dorothy P. Schafer, Beth Stevens; Synapse elimination during development and disease: immune molecules take centre stage. Biochem Soc Trans 1 April 2010; 38 (2): 476–481. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/BST0380476
Download citation file:
Don't already have an account? Register
Get Access To This Article
Buy This Article