The mineral-respiring bacterium Shewanella oneidensis uses a protein complex, MtrCAB, composed of two decahaem cytochromes brought together inside a transmembrane porin to transport electrons across the outer membrane to a variety of mineral-based electron acceptors. A proteoliposome system has been developed that contains Methyl Viologen as an internalized electron carrier and valinomycin as a membrane-associated cation exchanger. These proteoliposomes can be used as a model system to investigate MtrCAB function.

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