Although the measurement of triacylglycerols (TAGs) by clinical chemistry has been used in the diagnosis of a range of metabolic diseases, such approaches ignore the different species of TAGs that contribute to the total concentration. With the advent of LC and direct infusion forms of MS it is now possible to profile the individual TAGs in blood plasma or tissue extracts. This mini review surveys the information that is obtainable from the lipidomic profiling of TAGs in following metabolic diseases such as type 2 diabetes (T2DM), cardiovascular disease (CVD) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, as well as the development of insulin resistance and obesity.

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