Many human diseases have been attributed to mutation in the protein coding regions of the human genome. The protein coding portion of the human genome, however, is very small compared with the non-coding portion of the genome. As such, there are a disproportionate number of diseases attributed to the coding compared with the non-coding portion of the genome. It is now clear that the non-coding portion of the genome produces many functional non-coding RNAs and these RNAs are slowly being linked to human diseases. Here we discuss examples where mutation in classical non-coding RNAs have been attributed to human disease and identify the future potential for the non-coding portion of the genome in disease biology.
Non-coding RNAs and disease: the classical ncRNAs make a comeback
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Rogerio Alves de Almeida, Marcin G. Fraczek, Steven Parker, Daniela Delneri, Raymond T. O'Keefe; Non-coding RNAs and disease: the classical ncRNAs make a comeback. Biochem Soc Trans 15 August 2016; 44 (4): 1073–1078. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/BST20160089
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