PROPPINs constitute a conserved protein family with multiple members being expressed in many eukaryotes. PROPPINs have mainly been investigated for their role in autophagy, where they co-operate with several core factors for autophagosome formation. Recently, novel functions of these proteins on endo-lysosomal compartments have emerged. PROPPINs support the division of these organelles and the formation of tubulo-vesicular cargo carriers that mediate protein exit from them, such as those generated by the Retromer coat. In both cases, PROPPINs provide membrane fission activity. Integrating information from yeast and human cells this review summarizes the most important molecular features that allow these proteins to facilitate membrane fission and thus provide a critical element to endo-lysosomal protein traffic.

You do not currently have access to this content.