The zinc finger protein of the cerebellum (ZIC) family comprises five members (ZIC1–5), homologous with the odd-paired (OPA) gene in Drosophila melanogila. These transcription factors contain five Cys2His zinc finger domains, constituting one of the most abundant transcription factor families in human cells. ZIC proteins significantly contribute to transcriptional regulation and chromatin remodeling. As a member of the ZIC family, ZIC5 is essential for animal growth and development. Numerous studies have investigated the connection between ZIC proteins and cancer as well as tumor metastases in recent years. Many studies have found that within tumor tissues, the transcription and translation processes increase the expression of ZIC5 which is linked to tumor aggressiveness. This review aims to provide an objective summary of the impact of ZIC5 on tumor metastasis and consider the potential application of ZIC5 targets in both tumor therapy and the early detection of cancer.

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