Ribosome biogenesis requires prodigious transcriptional output in rapidly growing yeast cells and is highly regulated in response to both growth and stress signals. This minireview focuses on recent developments in our understanding of this regulatory process, with an emphasis on the 138 ribosomal protein genes (RPGs) themselves and a group of >200 ribosome biogenesis (RiBi) genes whose products contribute to assembly but are not part of the ribosome. Expression of most RPGs depends upon Rap1, a pioneer transcription factor (TF) required for the binding of a pair of RPG-specific TFs called Fhl1 and Ifh1. RPG expression is correlated with Ifh1 promoter binding, whereas Rap1 and Fhl1 remain promoter-associated upon stress-induced down regulation. A TF called Sfp1 has also been implicated in RPG regulation, though recent work reveals that its primary function is in activation of RiBi and other growth-related genes. Sfp1 plays an important regulatory role at a small number of RPGs where Rap1–Fhl1–Ifh1 action is subsidiary or non-existent. In addition, nearly half of all RPGs are bound by Hmo1, which either stabilizes or re-configures Fhl1–Ifh1 binding. Recent studies identified the proline rotamase Fpr1, known primarily for its role in rapamycin-mediated inhibition of the TORC1 kinase, as an additional TF at RPG promoters. Fpr1 also affects Fhl1–Ifh1 binding, either independently or in cooperation with Hmo1. Finally, a major recent development was the discovery of a protein homeostasis mechanism driven by unassembled ribosomal proteins, referred to as the Ribosome Assembly Stress Response (RASTR), that controls RPG transcription through the reversible condensation of Ifh1.