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Keyword: Arabidopsis
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Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2015) 43 (1): 73-78.
Published: 26 January 2015
... membrane vesicles are targeted to the centre of the division plane and generate, by homotypic fusion, the partitioning membrane named cell plate (CP). The CP expands in a centrifugal fashion until its margin fuses with the PM at the cortical division site. Mutant screens in Arabidopsis have identified a...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2014) 42 (2): 340-345.
Published: 20 March 2014
... tube guidance and pollen tube reception, are also species-preferential. The present review focuses on Arabidopsis pollen tube differentiation within the pistil and addresses the idea that pollen tube differentiation defines pollen tube identity and recognition by female cells. We review recent...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2014) 42 (2): 352-357.
Published: 20 March 2014
... whom correspondence should be addressed (email michael.nodine@gmi.oeaw.ac.at ). 1 11 2013 © The Authors Journal compilation © 2014 Biochemical Society 2014 Arabidopsis developmental timing embryogenesis miRNA patterning miRNAs are a class of 20–24-nt RNAs that post...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2011) 39 (2): 477-481.
Published: 22 March 2011
... contributing to cell growth. The genome of the model plant Arabidopsis contains a single TOR gene and two RAPTOR (regulatory associated protein of TOR)/ KOG1 (Kontroller of growth 1) and G β L / LST8 (G-protein β-subunit-like/lethal with Sec thirteen 8) genes but, in contrast with other organisms, plants...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2010) 38 (3): 733-740.
Published: 24 May 2010
... © 2010 Biochemical Society 2010 Arabidopsis chaperone coiled-coil domain heat-shock factor protein targeting tail-anchored protein Although much is known about the mechanism of targeting proteins to the nucleus and even to sub-nuclear domains [ 1 ], there is relatively sparse...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2010) 38 (3): 817-822.
Published: 24 May 2010
... complete picture of how these essential organelles divide and proliferate will be instrumental in understanding how the dynamics of peroxisome abundance contribute to changes in plant physiology and development. Research in Arabidopsis thaliana has identified several evolutionarily conserved major...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2010) 38 (3): 741-746.
Published: 24 May 2010
... together with novel proteins implicated in nucleoskeletal and cytoskeletal interactions. 1 To whom correspondence should be addressed (email deevans@brookes.ac.uk ). 16 12 2009 © The Authors Journal compilation © 2010 Biochemical Society 2010 Arabidopsis cell division...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2010) 38 (2): 577-582.
Published: 22 March 2010
... should be addressed (email mb307@le.ac.uk ). 21 8 2009 © The Authors Journal compilation © 2010 Biochemical Society 2010 Arabidopsis asymmetric division cell cycle cell fate germline male gametophyte Plant development is a continuous and highly plastic process that...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2010) 38 (2): 583-587.
Published: 22 March 2010
... that perceive and relay intercellular information. In Arabidopsis the leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinase STRUBBELIG (SUB) is required for integument initiation and outgrowth during ovule development, floral organ shape and the control of the cell division plane in the first subepidermal cell...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2010) 38 (2): 627-630.
Published: 22 March 2010
... ). 2 10 2009 © The Authors Journal compilation © 2010 Biochemical Society 2010 Arabidopsis maize micropyle pollen tube guidance signalling synergid Torenia Double fertilization, a unique and characteristic trait of flowering plants (angiosperms), is a very subtle and...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2010) 38 (2): 667-671.
Published: 22 March 2010
...@dundee.ac.uk or john.brown@scri.ac.uk ). 29 9 2009 © The Authors Journal compilation © 2010 Biochemical Society 2010 alternative splicing Arabidopsis precursor mRNA splicing factor AS (alternative splicing) generates more than one spliced mRNA isoform from the same gene...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2010) 38 (2): 571-576.
Published: 22 March 2010
...Xiaoqi Feng; Hugh G. Dickinson Key steps in the evolution of the angiosperm anther include the patterning of the concentrically organized microsporangium and the incorporation of four such microsporangia into a leaf-like structure. Mutant studies in the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana are leading...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2010) 38 (1): 60-64.
Published: 19 January 2010
... the plant SUMOylation system has a high degree of complexity. The present review summarizes our current knowledge on the SUMOylation system in Arabidopsis , focusing on the mechanistic properties of the machinery components identified. 1 email maria.lois@cid.csic.es . 28 9 2009...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2010) 38 (1): 307-311.
Published: 19 January 2010
... Biochemical Society 2010 Arabidopsis higher plant nuclear envelope (NE) nuclear pore complex Sad1/UNC-84 (SUN) domain The NE (nuclear envelope) is an important but poorly studied dynamic membrane system in plants. Structurally, it is similar to those of other kingdoms; however, few of its...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2008) 36 (3): 508-510.
Published: 21 May 2008
... ). 19 2 2008 © The Authors Journal compilation © 2008 Biochemical Society 2008 alternative splicing Arabidopsis precursor mRNA splicing factor transcription factor Pre-mRNA (precursor mRNA) splicing is the excision of intron sequences from pre-mRNAs mediated by the...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2007) 35 (1): 152-155.
Published: 22 January 2007
...Y. Helariutta Vascular tissue in plants is unique due to its diverse and dynamic cellular patterns. Through research in several organisms, such as Arabidopsis , Populus and Zinnia , using biochemical, genetic and genomic approaches, significant progress has recently been made in revealing the...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2007) 35 (1): 156-160.
Published: 22 January 2007
... The Biochemical Society 2007 aleurone Arabidopsis calpain epidermis proteolysis receptor-like kinase Most plant organs are covered with a well-defined epidermal layer, which is crucial for defence against pathogens, regulation of water relations and gas exchange and, in the root...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2007) 35 (1): 146-148.
Published: 22 January 2007
...S. Schellmann; M. Hülskamp; J. Uhrig Root hair formation, stomata development on hypocotyls and trichome formation on leaves in Arabidopsis represent three model systems for epidermal patterning in plants that involve a common set of genes or corresponding homologues. The resulting pattern and the...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2007) 35 (1): 149-151.
Published: 22 January 2007
...U. Fischer; Y. Ikeda; M. Grebe The co-ordinated polarity of cells within the plane of a single tissue layer (planar polarity) is intensively studied in animal epithelia but has only recently been systematically analysed in plants. The polar positioning of hairs in the root epidermis of Arabidopsis...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2006) 34 (6): 1199-1201.
Published: 25 October 2006
... (cytochrome P450) enzymes involved in BR biosynthesis indicates a role for these hormones in plant growth and development. Since the mid-1990s, collaborative research has been geared towards developing a better understanding of the CYP85 class of CYPs involved in BR biosynthesis in both Arabidopsis and tomato...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2006) 34 (6): 1206-1208.
Published: 25 October 2006
...E. Glawischnig The biosynthesis of camalexin, the main phytoalexin of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana , involves at least two CYP (cytochrome P450) steps. It is synthesized from tryptophan via indole-3-acetaldoxime in a reaction catalysed by CYP79B2 and CYP79B3. Based on the pad3 mutant...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2006) 34 (6): 1192-1198.
Published: 25 October 2006
... identifying novel P450s potentially acting on flower-specific monoterpenes and root-specific triterpenes are described. Co-expression results for all Arabidopsis P450s will be presented as a web resource on the ‘CYPedia’ web pages ( http://ibmp.u-strasbg.fr/~CYPedia/ ). 1 To whom correspondence should...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2006) 34 (4): 542-544.
Published: 21 July 2006
...F.C.H. Franklin; J.D. Higgins; E. Sanchez-Moran; S.J. Armstrong; K.E. Osman; N. Jackson; G.H. Jones Immunocytochemistry reveals that the Arabidopsis mismatch repair proteins AtMSH4, AtMLH3 and AtMLH1 are expressed during prophase I of meiosis. Expression of AtMSH4 precedes AtMLH3 and AtMLH1 which...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2005) 33 (5): 945-948.
Published: 26 October 2005
... identity of the CAM central oscillator and the output pathway that links the central oscillator to the control of plant metabolism. 1 email james.hartwell@liv.ac.uk 20 6 2005 © 2005 The Biochemical Society 2005 Arabidopsis circadian clock CO 2 fixation crassulacean acid...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2005) 33 (4): 743-746.
Published: 01 August 2005
... synthesis. Pantothenate is synthesized de novo by plants and micro-organisms; however, animals obtain the vitamin through their diet. Utilizing our knowledge of the pathway in Escherichia coli , we have discovered and cloned genes encoding the first and last enzymes of the pathway from Arabidopsis , panB1...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2005) 33 (2): 380-383.
Published: 01 April 2005
... that Arabidopsis seed's lipid breakdown occurs in two distinct tissues, the embryo and endosperm. The utilization of endospermic lipid reserves requires gluconeogenesis and transport of the resulting sugars to the germinating embryo. We discuss the potential of the Arabidopsis endosperm tissue as a...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2005) 33 (2): 389-392.
Published: 01 April 2005
...R. Panstruga In the dicotyledonous plant species Arabidopsis and the monocot barley, presence of specific isoforms of the family of heptahelical plasma membrane-localized MLO proteins is required for successful host-cell invasion by ascomycete powdery mildew fungi. Absence of these MLO proteins...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2005) 33 (1): 269-271.
Published: 01 February 2005
... To whom correspondence should be addressed (email sheen@molbio.mgh.harvard.edu ). 2 9 2004 © 2005 The Biochemical Society 2005 Arabidopsis glucose hexokinase (HXK) hormone signalling sugar Plant growth is controlled not only by developmental and environmental signals...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2005) 33 (1): 276-279.
Published: 01 February 2005
... disaccharide named trehalose is present in very low levels in most plants except for the desiccation-tolerant plants known as ‘resurrection’ plants where trehalose functions as an osmoprotectant. We have shown that overexpression of the Arabidopsis trehalose-6-phosphate synthase gene ( AtTPS1 ) in Arabidopsis...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2005) 33 (1): 280-282.
Published: 01 February 2005
...L.D. Gómez; S. Baud; I.A. Graham We previously showed that trehalose-6-phosphate synthase 1 (TPS1), which catalyses the first step in trehalose synthesis, is essential for embryo maturation in Arabidopsis [Eastmond, van Dijken, Spielman, Kerr, Tissier, Dickinson, Jones, Smeekens and Graham (2002...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2004) 32 (6): 964-966.
Published: 26 October 2004
... predominant DSB repair pathway. Previously, the Arabidopsis NHEJ mutant atku80 was isolated and found to display hypersensitivity to bleomycin, a drug that causes DSBs in DNA. In the present study, the transcript profiles of wild-type and atku80 mutant plants grown in the presence and absence of bleomycin are...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2004) 32 (4): 561-564.
Published: 01 August 2004
... to the alternative splicing process. Due to several duplication events, at least 19 SR proteins are present in the Arabidopsis genome, which is almost twice as many as in humans. They fall into seven different subfamilies, three of them homologous with metazoan splicing factors, whereas the other...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2004) 32 (3): 524-528.
Published: 01 June 2004
...A.R. Slabas; B. Ndimba; W.J. Simon; S. Chivasa We initiated a proteomic study as part of a programme aimed at discovering novel functions of the plant cell wall. Cell-wall fragments isolated from cell-suspension cultures of Arabidopsis thaliana were stripped of protein sequentially using CaCl 2 and...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2002) 30 (6): 1095-1099.
Published: 01 November 2002
..., we have recently shown that acyl-CoA pools can be dramatically altered in transgenic oilseed rape embryos, engineered to produce medium-chain fatty acids, and in mutant Arabidopsis seedlings that are unable to mobilize storage lipid. The consequences of these alterations are discussed in the context...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2002) 30 (4): 766-768.
Published: 01 August 2002
... and convergences of the iron, copper and zinc uptake, transport and homoeostatic pathways. 1 To whom correspondence should be addressed (e-mail wintz@uclink.berkeley.edu ) 13 3 2002 © 2002 Biochemical Society 2002 Arabidopsis metal nutrition regulation...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2002) 30 (4): 732-735.
Published: 01 August 2002
... characterized in yeast, ATX1, CCS and COX17, are present in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plants are faced with unique challenges to maintain metal homoeostasis, and thus their copper chaperones have evolved by diversifying and gaining additional functions. In this paper we present our current knowledge of copper...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2002) 30 (2): 298-301.
Published: 01 April 2002
... ( CesA ). A comparison of the predicted protein sequences in the Arabidopsis genome indicates that 30 divergent genes with similarity to CesAs exist. It is possible that these cellulose synthase-like (Csl) proteins do not contribute to cellulose synthesis, but rather to the synthesis of other wall...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2000) 28 (6): 775-777.
Published: 01 December 2000
... induced by treatment with ethylene. Transgenic Arabidopsis plants in which levels of the senescence-induced lipase protein have been reduced show delayed leaf senescence. 1 To whom correspondence should be addressed (e-mail jet@sciborg.uwaterloo.ca ) 4 7 2000 © 2000 Biochemical...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2000) 28 (6): 675-677.
Published: 01 December 2000
...M. Miquel The Arabidopsis mutants designated gly1 exhibit a reduced carbon flux through the prokaryotic pathway that is compensated for by an increased carbon flux through the eukaryotic pathway. Biochemical approaches reveal that the gly1 phenotype cannot be explained by a deficiency in the...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2000) 28 (6): 957-958.
Published: 01 December 2000
... with membranes. In our laboratory, several isoforms of ACSs have been identified in Arabidopsis thaliana. Reverse genetics allowed us to identify a mutant containing a transfer DNA-interrupted ACS gene. Results will be presented that describe the isolation and characterization of this mutant. The...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2000) 28 (6): 925-927.
Published: 01 December 2000
... with a hairpin structure can induce PTGS with very high frequency. 1 To whom correspondence should be addressed (e-mail surinder.singh@pi.csiro.au ) 26 6 2000 © 2000 Biochemical Society 2000 Arabidopsis Δ12-desaturase dsRNA PTGS, post-transcriptional gene silencing...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2000) 28 (4): 499-504.
Published: 01 August 2000
... Arabidopsis peroxins sunflower PTS, peroxisome-targeting signal Moving Signals and Molecules Through Membranes 5 Bauer, M. F., Hofrnann, S., Neupert. W. and Brunner, M. 6 Koehler, C. M., Merchant, S. and Schatz, G. (I 999) Trends 7 Tokatlidis, K. and Schatz, G. ( I 999) J. Biol. Chern. 274, 8...