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Keyword: cytokinesis
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Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2017) 45 (3): 613-634.
Published: 15 June 2017
... Limited on behalf of the Biochemical Society 2017 cytokinesis ESCRT HIV-1 midbody nuclear envelope Seminal work in yeast identified the endosomal sorting complex required for transport (ESCRT) through a series of studies of ∼40 vacuolar protein sorting ( VPS ) mutants that showed...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2015) 43 (1): 117-121.
Published: 26 January 2015
...Stefano Sechi; Anna Frappaolo; Giorgio Belloni; Maria Grazia Giansanti Cytokinesis is an intricate process that requires an intimate interplay between actomyosin ring constriction and plasma membrane remodelling at the cleavage furrow. However, the molecular mechanisms involved in coupling the...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2015) 43 (1): 73-78.
Published: 26 January 2015
...Gerd Jürgens; Misoon Park; Sandra Richter; Sonja Touihri; Cornelia Krause; Farid El Kasmi; Ulrike Mayer Cytokinesis separates the forming daughter cells. Higher plants have lost the ability to constrict the plasma membrane (PM) in the division plane. Instead, trans -Golgi network (TGN)-derived...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2013) 41 (6): 1750-1754.
Published: 20 November 2013
...K. Adam Bohnert; Alaina H. Willet; David R. Kovar; Kathleen L. Gould Cytokinesis, the terminal event in the canonical cell cycle, physically separates daughter cells following mitosis. For cleavage to occur in many eukaryotes, a cytokinetic ring must assemble and constrict between divided genomes...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2010) 38 (6): 1397-1412.
Published: 24 November 2010
... intracellular bridge linking daughter cells at the end of mitosis, where they act to ensure the separation of these cells through the process of cytokinesis. Although these cellular processes are diverse, they share a requirement for a topologically unique membrane-fission step for their completion. Current...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2010) 38 (3): 797-806.
Published: 24 May 2010
...Sebastian Y. Bednarek; Steven K. Backues Two separate families of Arabidopsis dynamin-related proteins, DRP1 and DRP2, have been implicated in clathrin-mediated endocytosis and cell plate maturation during cytokinesis. The present review summarizes the current genetic, biochemical and cell...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2009) 37 (1): 156-160.
Published: 20 January 2009
..., budding of some enveloped viruses and cytokinesis. ESCRT-III is composed of 11 members in humans, which, except for one, correspond to the six ESCRT-III-like proteins in yeast. At least CHMP (charged multivesicular body protein) 2A and CHMP3 assemble into helical tubular structures that provide a platform...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2008) 36 (3): 381-383.
Published: 21 May 2008
...Henrik Bringmann The mitotic spindle positions the cytokinesis furrow. The cytokinesis furrow then forms and ingresses at the site of the mitotic spindle, between the spindle poles. Two populations of spindle microtubules are implicated in cytokinesis furrow positioning: radial microtubule arrays...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2008) 36 (3): 436-438.
Published: 21 May 2008
...Dawn M. Clifford; Chun-Ti Chen; Rachel H. Roberts; Anna Feoktistova; Benjamin A. Wolfe; Jun-Song Chen; Dannel McCollum; Kathleen L. Gould The periodicity of CDKs (cyclin-dependent kinases) regulates most cell cycle transitions including cytokinesis. High Cdk1 activity promotes cytoskeletal...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2008) 36 (3): 405-410.
Published: 21 May 2008
...Catherine Lindon Inactivation of key substrates by ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis controls the passage of cells through mitosis. The APC/C (anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome) targets a large number of substrates for proteolysis during the final steps of mitosis and cytokinesis, but the...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2008) 36 (3): 384-386.
Published: 21 May 2008
... considered to exhibit cell polarity until formation of junctions at the third through to the fifth cleavage divisions. The role of new membrane addition into the late cleavage furrow during the early rounds of cytokinesis may play a key role in the early establishment of cell polarity in all animal embryos...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2008) 36 (3): 439-441.
Published: 21 May 2008
...Gilles R.X. Hickson; Patrick H. O'Farrell Cytokinesis is a dynamic and plastic process involving the co-ordinated regulation of many components. Accordingly, many proteins, including the putative scaffold protein anillin, localize to the cleavage furrow and are required for cytokinesis, but how...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2008) 36 (3): 411-415.
Published: 21 May 2008
... cytokinesis. SIN signalling requires three protein kinases for its function and is mediated by a ras-superfamily GTPase. We discuss the elements of the SIN and how they are regulated. 1 Correspondence may be addressed to either of these authors (email andrea.krapp@epfl.ch or viesturs.simanis@epfl.ch...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2008) 36 (3): 387-390.
Published: 21 May 2008
...Manuel Mendoza; Yves Barral During anaphase, the spindle pulls the sister kinetochores apart until the sister chromatids are fully separated from each other. Subsequently, cytokinesis cleaves between the two separated chromosome masses to form two nucleated cells. Results from Schizosaccharomyces...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2008) 36 (3): 442-443.
Published: 21 May 2008
...Guillaume Montagnac; Philippe Chavrier In mammalian cells, completion of cytokinesis relies on targeted delivery of recycling membranes to the midbody. At this step of mitosis, recycling endosomes are organized as clusters located at the mitotic spindle poles as well as at both sides of the midbody...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2008) 36 (3): 391-394.
Published: 21 May 2008
...Glenn C. Simon; Rytis Prekeris Recently, recycling endosomes have emerged as a key components required for the successful completion of cytokinesis. Furthermore, FIP3 (family of Rab11-interacting protein 3), a Rab11 GTPase-binding protein, has been implicated in targeting the recycling endosomes to...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2008) 36 (3): 416-420.
Published: 21 May 2008
... daughter cell resides at the bud neck, where cytokinesis takes place at the end of the cell cycle. Since budding and bud neck formation occur much earlier than bipolar spindle formation, spindle positioning is a finely regulated process. A surveillance device called the SPOC (spindle position checkpoint...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2008) 36 (3): 367-370.
Published: 21 May 2008
...Mar Carmena The CPC (chromosomal passenger complex) performs essential roles in the regulation and co-ordination of chromosomal and cytoskeletal events during mitosis and meiosis. The first functional analyses showed evidence of a role of the CPC in the regulation of cytokinesis. In this review, I...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2008) 36 (3): 395-399.
Published: 21 May 2008
...Arnaud Echard Growing evidence indicates that membrane traffic plays a crucial role during the late post-furrowing steps of cytokinesis in animal cells. Indeed, both endocytosis and exocytosis contribute to stabilizing the intercellular bridge that connects the daughter cells and to the final...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2008) 36 (3): 421-424.
Published: 21 May 2008
... mechanics of cytokinesis is however probably no better illustrated than in the protozoa. A dramatic example of this is the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma brucei , a unicellular flagellated parasite that causes a devastating disease (African sleeping sickness) across Sub-Saharan Africa in both man and...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2008) 36 (3): 371-377.
Published: 21 May 2008
... mglotzer@uchicago.edu ). 22 1 2008 © The Authors Journal compilation © 2008 Biochemical Society 2008 astral microtubule central spindle cytokinesis furrow formation RhoA Cytokinesis, the physical separation of nascent daughter cells, is one of life's most fundamental...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2008) 36 (3): 400-404.
Published: 21 May 2008
...David M. Glover; Luisa Capalbo; Pier Paolo D'Avino; Melanie K. Gatt; Matthew S. Savoian; Tetsuya Takeda Microtubules maintain an intimate relationship with the rings of anillin, septins and actomyosin filaments throughout cytokinesis. In Drosophila , peripheral microtubules emanating from the...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2008) 36 (3): 378-380.
Published: 21 May 2008
...Ann L. Miller; George von Dassow; William M. Bement Cytokinesis in animal cells is powered by the cytokinetic apparatus, a ring of filamentous actin and myosin-2 that underlies the plasma membrane and closes between the separating chromosomes. Formation of the cytokinetic apparatus is at least...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2008) 36 (3): 425-430.
Published: 21 May 2008
...Thomas D. Pollard We use fission yeast to study the molecular mechanism of cytokinesis. We benefit from a long history in genetic analysis of the cell cycle in fission yeast, which provided the most complete inventory of cytokinesis proteins. We used fluorescence microscopy of proteins tagged with...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2008) 36 (3): 431-435.
Published: 21 May 2008
... screens and the multiple roles that dynamin may play during mitosis. 1 email mbonner@wisc.edu or skop@wisc.edu 7 1 2008 © The Authors Journal compilation © 2008 Biochemical Society 2008 cell division cleavage furrow cytokinesis dynamin membrane remodelling midbody...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2007) 35 (2): 222-224.
Published: 20 March 2007
...V. Silió; M. Marqués; I. Cortés; S. Zuluaga; A.C. Carrera Mitosis, the final phase of cell division, includes the processes of nuclear division and cytosolic division (cytokinesis). Cytokinesis occurs when DNA separation terminates, and involves a number of proteins that induce furrowing at the...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2005) 33 (6): 1290-1294.
Published: 26 October 2005
...J. Matheson; X. Yu; A.B. Fielding; G.W. Gould A crucial facet of mammalian cell division is the separation of two daughter cells by a process known as cytokinesis. An early event in cytokinesis is the formation of an actomyosis contractile ring, which functions like a purse string in the...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2005) 33 (6): 1269-1272.
Published: 26 October 2005
... © 2005 The Biochemical Society 2005 ADP-ribosylation factor (Arf) Arf-like (Arl) cytokinesis Golgi membrane traffic microtubule Recent phylogenetic analyses of the Arf (ADP-ribosylation factor) family of regulatory GTPases identified 21 members in humans (see Figure 1 ), with orthologues...