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Keywords: development
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Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2022) BST20220539.
Published: 16 November 2022
..., has been associated with many pre- or post-natal brain developmental delays [ 32 , 33 ]. Because it is highly nutrient responsive as well as involved in major cell signaling, O- GlcNAcylation emerges as a target of choice to explain how nutrition can impact early brain development. This is partly...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2020) 48 (2): 463–478.
Published: 20 April 2020
... provide examples of SUMO target proteins and the effect of SUMOylation in their function during development. Table 2 SUMOylation components in developmental processes Organ/Process SUMO/Ubc9 E3 Ligase De SUMOylase Target Organism Pathway/Function Reference Germ cells...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2020) 48 (1): 301–315.
Published: 03 February 2020
... signalling reviews, the reader is referred to Ref. [ 1 , 2 , 4 , 113 ]. Given the emerging link between cancer stemness and disease progression, a better mechanistic understanding of how the PI3K pathway impinges on critical developmental processes — either in forward (normal development) or reverse...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2016) 44 (3): 696–701.
Published: 09 June 2016
... This is an open access article published by Portland Press Limited on behalf of the Biochemical Society and distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licence 4.0 (CC BY) . development morphogenesis self-organization synthetic biology synthetic morphology tissue engineering Synthetic...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2014) 42 (5): 1263–1269.
Published: 18 September 2014
... development; forebrain and hypothalamus late in development [ 53 ] Unknown in brain Developmental overgrowth including brain, characteristic of Simpson–Golabi–Behmel syndrome, perinatal death (some viable) [ 57 ] Glypican 4 HS Highest in development, also in adult [ 2 ] Throughout CNS, strong...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2014) 42 (4): 1229–1237.
Published: 11 August 2014
... to a range of morphological phenotypes in tadpoles (e.g. abnormal development of the eye, cement gland, tail and fin, and body curvature), problems with movement and embryonic death by stage 30/31 (out of 66 developmental stages) [ 15 ]. ePABP knockdown results in similar morphological and movement defects...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2014) 42 (4): 1168–1173.
Published: 11 August 2014
... reporting net down-regulation of NMD factors (including Upf1 and Smg1) in developing nervous system [ 29 , 30 ], this indicates that NMD might be progressively repurposed to function primarily as a gene regulation rather than an RNA surveillance mechanism in this developmental context. A previously...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2014) 42 (3): 689–695.
Published: 22 May 2014
... to drive differentiation towards a particular therapeutically relevant cell type. 1 To whom correspondence should be addressed (email catherine.merry@manchester.ac.uk ). 21 3 2014 © The Authors Journal compilation © 2014 Biochemical Society 2014 development differentiation...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2013) 41 (6): 1489–1494.
Published: 20 November 2013
... in embryogenesis and development. Many autophagy gene-knockout mice have embryonic lethality at different stages of development. Furthermore, interactions of autophagy with crucial developmental pathways such as Wnt, Shh (Sonic Hedgehog), TGFβ (transforming growth factor β) and FGF (fibroblast growth factor) have...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2013) 41 (6): 1720–1725.
Published: 20 November 2013
... of the sites of replication initiation, or origins, across the genome. Interestingly, origin usage changes during development and in different pathologies, suggesting an integral interplay between the establishment of replication initiation along the chromosomes and cellular function. The present review...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2012) 40 (4): 784–788.
Published: 20 July 2012
... for Tra2β in development, and revealed it as an important developmental splicing regulator. Gradients in Tra2β protein concentrations may drive exon inclusion patterns over development, leading to the regulated production of developmentally important protein isoforms. Alternatively, Tra2β might provide...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2010) 38 (4): 1137–1143.
Published: 26 July 2010
... to development is to study a well-characterized model organism, such as Drosophila melanogaster . The present review aims to outline the mechanisms of mRNA degradation and then focus on the role of miRNAs (microRNAs) as factors affecting particular Drosophila developmental processes via their post...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2010) 38 (2): 507–510.
Published: 22 March 2010
.... Furthermore, the transience of certain developmental phenotypes and the persistence of others into maturity raise the possibility that FMRP has different roles at distinct times in development. It is apparent that the loss of FMRP has widespread effects on brain development, ranging from changes...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2008) 36 (6): 1267–1271.
Published: 19 November 2008
... deficiency and brain development Semin. Pediatr. Neurol. 2006 13 158 65 4 Palmer C. Roberts R.L. Bero C. Deferoxamine posttreatment reduces ischemic brain injury in neonatal rats Stroke 1994 25 1039 1045 5 Thompson R.A. Nelson C.A. Developmental science...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2008) 36 (5): 868–873.
Published: 19 September 2008
.... 2006 103 10358 10363 19 Pilot F. Philippe J.M. Lemmers C. Chauvin J.P. Lecuit T. Developmental control of nuclear morphogenesis and anchoring by charleston, identified in a functional genomic screen of Drosophila cellularisation Development 2006 133 711 723...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2008) 36 (4): 629–631.
Published: 22 July 2008
...Jörg Hartkamp; Stefan G.E. Roberts The Wilms' tumour-suppressor gene ( WT1 ), encodes a zinc-finger transcription factor that is critical for the development of several organs, including the kidneys, gonads and spleen. Despite its identification as a tumour suppressor that plays a crucial role...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2004) 32 (5): 792–796.
Published: 26 October 2004
...H. Wang; Y. Lee; C.C. Malbon Wnt signalling in development operates via members of the Frizzleds, G-protein-coupled receptors that bind specific Wnt ligands and mediate signalling via distinct pathways. The Wnt/Ca 2+ /cGMP pathway mediated by Frizzled-2 was discovered recently. Activation...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2001) 29 (2): 76–80.
Published: 01 May 2001
...F. Villarroya; S. Brun; M. Giralt; Y. Cámara; G. Solanes; R. Iglesias Uncoupling proteins (UCPs) are considered to be major determinants of energy expenditure in mammals. During development in rodents, the expression of the UCP genes occurs sequentially. UCP2 mRNA is expressed long before birth...