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Keywords: mitochondria
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Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2022) 50 (5): 1389–1402.
Published: 28 October 2022
... The Author(s) 2022 This is an open access article published by Portland Press Limited on behalf of the Biochemical Society and distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (CC BY-NC-ND) . aging endoplasmic reticulum inter-organelle longevity mitochondria Over...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2022) 50 (5): 1377–1388.
Published: 06 September 2022
... restoration of blood flow is necessary to save brain tissue, it also causes reperfusion injury. Mitochondria play a crucial role in early ischemia-reperfusion injury due to the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). During ischemia, mitochondria sense energy depletion and futilely attempt to up-regulate...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2022) 50 (3): 1119–1132.
Published: 19 May 2022
... be achieved through proteomic turnover or modular degradation. In this review, we present multiple protein degradation pathways in plant mitochondria. Specifically, we focus on the intricate turnover of OXPHOS subunits, prior to protein import via cytosolic proteasomal degradation and post import and assembly...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2022) 50 (2): 783–797.
Published: 21 March 2022
... in mitophagy, the process of selective autophagic elimination of damaged mitochondria. Impaired mitophagy has been associated with sporadic Parkinson's and agents that damage mitochondria are known to induce Parkinson's-like motor symptoms in humans and animal models. Thus, modulating mitophagy pathways may...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2021) 49 (6): 2929–2939.
Published: 09 December 2021
...Shona A. Mookerjee; Akos A. Gerencser; Mark A. Watson; Martin D. Brand Oxidation of succinate by mitochondria can generate a higher protonmotive force (pmf) than can oxidation of NADH-linked substrates. Fundamentally, this is because of differences in redox potentials and gearing. Biology adds...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2021) 49 (6): 2807–2819.
Published: 23 November 2021
...Golam M. Uddin; Rafa Abbas; Timothy E. Shutt The dynamic processes of mitochondrial fusion and fission determine the shape of mitochondria, which can range from individual fragments to a hyperfused network, and influence mitochondrial function. Changes in mitochondrial shape can occur rapidly...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2021) 49 (5): 2199–2210.
Published: 19 October 2021
...Nicholas T. Ktistakis The pathway of mitochondrial-specific autophagy (mitophagy, defined here as the specific elimination of mitochondria following distinct mitochondrial injuries or developmental/metabolic alterations) is important in health and disease. This review will be focussed...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2021) 49 (2): 715–726.
Published: 26 March 2021
... 2021 25 2 2021 © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Portland Press Limited on behalf of the Biochemical Society 2021 glycolysis insulin interstitial fluid pH mitochondria TCA cycle type 2 diabetes mellitus Metabolic disorders cause various types of diseases including type 2...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2021) 49 (1): 17–27.
Published: 18 February 2021
...Hasan Al-Habib; Margaret Ashcroft Mitochondria are pivotal for normal cellular physiology, as they perform a crucial role in diverse cellular functions and processes, including respiration and the regulation of bioenergetic and biosynthetic pathways, as well as regulating cellular signalling...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2021) 49 (1): 485–494.
Published: 13 January 2021
... pressure overload, which is related to changes in the mitochondria and calcium overload. However, certain studies have drawn opposing conclusions, including the mitigation of ischemia/reperfusion injury via inhibition of VCP/p97 ATPase activity. Nevertheless, these emerging studies shed light on the role...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2020) 48 (6): 2565–2578.
Published: 27 November 2020
...Tatsuhisa Tsuboi; Jordan Leff; Brian M. Zid In fluctuating environmental conditions, organisms must modulate their bioenergetic production in order to maintain cellular homeostasis for optimal fitness. Mitochondria are hubs for metabolite and energy generation. Mitochondria are also highly dynamic...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2020) 48 (3): 799–811.
Published: 29 June 2020
... cAMP cardiopulmonary diesel exhaust particles mitochondria nanodomains Air pollution is related to several cardiopulmonary disorders, such as ischemic heart disease, cardiac dysrhythmias, heart failure, cerebrovascular disease, stroke, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2020) 48 (3): 1035–1046.
Published: 03 June 2020
... of the proteins inserted into those membranes. They are synthesized by two main pathways, the so-called eukaryotic pathway, exclusively found in mitochondria, and the prokaryotic pathway, present in most bacteria and archaea. In the prokaryotic pathway, the first and the third reactions are catalyzed...
Includes: Supplementary data
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2020) 48 (3): 993–1004.
Published: 26 May 2020
...Anna L. Duncan Monolysocardiolipin (MLCL) is a three-tailed variant of cardiolipin (CL), the signature lipid of mitochondria. MLCL is not normally found in healthy tissue but accumulates in mitochondria of people with Barth syndrome (BTHS), with an overall increase in the MLCL:CL ratio. The reason...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2020) 48 (2): 621–629.
Published: 20 April 2020
... agreement with CAUL. mitochondria oxidative phosphorylation structural biology Mitochondria produce the vast majority of the ATP used by eukaryotic life and as such have been frequently labelled the ‘powerhouse of the cell’ by popular culture and academics alike [ 1 ]. Production of ATP...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2020) 48 (2): 631–644.
Published: 27 March 2020
... and cellular metabolic and pathogenic conditions. Under conditions of cellular stress, there is a disruption of this fission and fusion balance and mitochondria undergo either increased fusion, forming a hyperfused meshwork or excessive fission to counteract stress and remove damaged mitochondria via mitophagy...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2020) 48 (1): 165–177.
Published: 03 February 2020
.... This review will focus on the relationship of a particular membrane microdomain — caveolae — with mitochondria and the particular implication of this to physiology and pathophysiology. Correspondence: Hemal H. Patel ( hepatel@ucsd.edu ) 21 11 2019 9 1 2020 10 1 2020 © 2020...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2019) 47 (6): 1963–1969.
Published: 26 November 2019
...Andrey Y. Abramov; Plamena R. Angelova Mitochondria control vitally important functions in cells, including energy production, cell signalling and regulation of cell death. Considering this, any alteration in mitochondrial metabolism would lead to cellular dysfunction and the development...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2019) 47 (5): 1269–1277.
Published: 31 October 2019
...Toshiya Endo; Haruka Sakaue Mitochondria are essential eukaryotic organelles responsible for primary cellular energy production. Biogenesis, maintenance, and functions of mitochondria require correct assembly of resident proteins and lipids, which require their transport into and within...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2019) 47 (5): 1429–1436.
Published: 24 September 2019
...Rawaa A. Z. Al-Faresi; Robert. N. Lightowlers; Zofia M. A. Chrzanowska-Lightowlers Mitochondria are ubiquitous organelles present in the cytoplasm of all nucleated eukaryotic cells. These organelles are described as arising from a common ancestor but a comparison of numerous aspects of mitochondria...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2019) 47 (5): 1461–1469.
Published: 10 September 2019
...Mark A. Watson; Hoi-Shan Wong; Martin D. Brand Changes in mitochondrial superoxide and hydrogen peroxide production may contribute to various pathologies, and even aging, given that over time and in certain conditions, they damage macromolecules and disrupt normal redox signalling. Mitochondria...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2019) 47 (5): 1367–1382.
Published: 04 September 2019
... attempt to be comprehensive but hope to provide useful links to some of the many excellent studies on these topics. Mitochondria are endosymbiotic organelles that facilitated and continue to support all complex life. Due to their evolutionary history, mitochondria in present-day eukaryotic cells retain...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2018) 46 (5): 1225–1238.
Published: 04 October 2018
...Thomas Daniel Jackson; Catherine Sarah Palmer; Diana Stojanovski Mitochondria are essential organelles which perform complex and varied functions within eukaryotic cells. Maintenance of mitochondrial health and functionality is thus a key cellular priority and relies on the organelle's extensive...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2018) 46 (4): 829–842.
Published: 09 July 2018
... to a toxin gain- or loss-of-function contributing to the phenotype observed in Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal dementia. Misfolded proteins can adversely affect mitochondria, and post-mitotic neurones are especially sensitive to metabolic dysfunction...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2018) 46 (3): 599–607.
Published: 20 April 2018
... mitochondria muscle metabolism As terrestrial altitude increases, barometric pressure falls while the atmospheric proportion of oxygen remains constant at 21%. Accordingly, the partial pressure of oxygen decreases at high altitude, giving rise to hypobaric hypoxia. For humans ascending to altitude...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2018) 46 (2): 437–452.
Published: 27 March 2018
...Francesca Giordano Mitochondria are highly dynamic organelles involved in various cellular processes such as energy production, regulation of calcium homeostasis, lipid trafficking, and apoptosis. To fulfill all these functions and preserve their morphology and dynamic behavior, mitochondria need...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2017) 45 (5): 1045–1052.
Published: 04 August 2017
...Angelika B. Harbauer Neurons are post-mitotic cells that must function throughout the life of an organism. The high energetic requirements and Ca 2+ spikes of synaptic transmission place a burden on neuronal mitochondria. The removal of older mitochondria and the replenishment of the functional...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2017) 45 (4): 1025–1033.
Published: 21 July 2017
... features including the involvement of mitochondria in the mechanism of pathology and misfolding and the accumulation of abnormally aggregated proteins. Neurotoxicity of aggregated β-amyloid, tau, α-synuclein and huntingtin is linked to the effects of these proteins on mitochondria. All these misfolded...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2017) 45 (2): 371–379.
Published: 13 April 2017
...) allows for precise and local control of second messenger signaling events. Here, we will discuss how pseudoenzymes form ‘pseudoscaffolds’ and compare and contrast this compartment-specific regulatory role with the signal organization properties of AKAPs. The mitochondria will be the focus of this review...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2017) 45 (2): 513–529.
Published: 13 April 2017
... 2 2017 21 2 2017 © 2017 The Author(s) 2017 This is an open access article published by Portland Press Limited on behalf of the Biochemical Society and distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (CC BY) . DNA replication and recombination mitochondria...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2017) 45 (2): 477–488.
Published: 13 April 2017
...Yael Elbaz-Alon Membrane contact sites (MCSs) are areas of close apposition between the membranes of two different organelles that enable non-vesicular transfer of ions and lipids. Recent studies reveal that mitochondria maintain contact sites with organelles other than the endoplasmic reticulum...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2017) 45 (1): 269–274.
Published: 15 February 2017
... and targets of the pathway. In recent years, it has become evident that mitochondria represent sites of compartmentalised cAMP signalling. However, the exact location and the molecular composition of distinct mitochondria signalosomes and their function remain largely unknown. In this review, we focus...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2016) 44 (6): 1725–1735.
Published: 02 December 2016
...Hakjoo Lee; Yisang Yoon Mitochondrial fission and fusion have been recognized as critical processes in the health of mitochondria and cells. Two decades of studies have generated a great deal of information about mitochondrial fission and fusion; however, still much needs to be understood...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2016) 44 (6): 1617–1623.
Published: 02 December 2016
... of LRRK2 are numerous and depend on the state of the cell. LRRK2 is widely expressed in many tissues and cell types. Most is present in the cytosol with a proportion found in organelles, such as the mitochondria, Golgi, endosomes and lysosomes. There are multiple strands of evidence, indicating that LRRK2...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2016) 44 (5): 1483–1490.
Published: 19 October 2016
... Attribution License 4.0 (CC BY) . gene therapy mitochondria mitochondrial dysfunction mouse models therapeutics Table 1 Overview of the therapeutic strategies for primary mitochondrial diseases Advantages Disadvantages Examples General strategies Wide applicability...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2016) 44 (5): 1475–1482.
Published: 19 October 2016
...Shiri Levy; Gadi Schuster Mitochondria have their own gene expression machinery and the relative abundance of RNA products in these organelles in animals is mostly dictated by their rate of degradation. The molecular mechanisms regulating the differential accumulation of the transcripts...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2016) 44 (5): 1219–1226.
Published: 19 October 2016
...Michael P. Murphy Mitochondrial oxidative damage has long been known to contribute to damage in conditions such as ischaemia–reperfusion (IR) injury in heart attack. Over the past years, we have developed a series of mitochondria-targeted compounds designed to ameliorate or determine how...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2016) 44 (4): 1101–1110.
Published: 15 August 2016
... 2016 The Author(s) 2016 This is an open access article published by Portland Press Limited on behalf of the Biochemical Society and distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licence 4.0 (CC BY) . aging cognition hormesis inflammation mitochondria quantum thermodynamics...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2016) 44 (2): 541–545.
Published: 11 April 2016
...Hagai Abeliovich; Jörn Dengjel The degradation of malfunctioning or superfluous mitochondria in the lysosome/vacuole is an important housekeeping function in respiring eukaryotic cells. This clearance is thought to occur by a specific form of autophagic degradation called mitophagy, and plays...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2016) 44 (2): 499–504.
Published: 11 April 2016
...Alexander R. van Vliet; Patrizia Agostinis The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is the main hub of cellular Ca 2+ signalling and protein synthesis and folding. The ER moreover is the central player in the formation of contact sites with other organelles and structures, including mitochondria, plasma...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2016) 44 (2): 479–485.
Published: 11 April 2016
...Xeni Miliara; Stephen Matthews Mitochondria depend on a tightly regulated supply of phospholipids. The protein of relevant evolutionary and lymphoid interest (PRELI)/Ups1 family together with its mitochondrial chaperones [TP53-regulated inhibitor of apoptosis 1 (TRIAP1)/Mdm35] represents a unique...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2016) 44 (2): 510–516.
Published: 11 April 2016
...Gil Kanfer; Benoît Kornmann During mitosis, cells undergo massive deformation and reorganization, impacting on all cellular structures. Mitochondria, in particular, are highly dynamic organelles, which constantly undergo events of fission, fusion and cytoskeleton-based transport. This plasticity...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2016) 44 (1): 25–34.
Published: 09 February 2016
... Laureate Arthur Kornberg at Stanford University. Recently, we reported that mitochondria of cardiac ventricular myocytes contain significant amounts (280±60 pmol/mg of protein) of polyP with an average length of 25 P i and that polyP is involved in Ca 2+ -dependent activation of the mitochondrial...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2016) 44 (1): 7–12.
Published: 09 February 2016
... to its molecular nature and its ubiquitous presence, polyP can be potentially involved in a plethora of biological processes. The role of polyP is particularly prominent in mitochondria where, due to the presence of phosphoanhydride bonds, similar to ones found in ATP, it participates in energy...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2016) 44 (1): 40–45.
Published: 09 February 2016
... thousand orthophosphates. PolyP is distributed in the most of the living organisms and plays multiple functions in mammalian cells, it is important for blood coagulation, cancer, calcium precipitation, immune response and many others. Essential role of polyP is shown for mitochondria, from implication...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2015) 43 (5): 943–951.
Published: 09 October 2015
...Theresia A. Schaedler; Belinda Faust; Chitra A. Shintre; Elisabeth P. Carpenter; Vasundara Srinivasan; Hendrik W. van Veen; Janneke Balk A small number of physiologically important ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters are found in mitochondria. Most are half transporters of the B group forming...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2015) 43 (4): 593–594.
Published: 03 August 2015
.... Mitochondria are heavily involved in this adaptive interplay if not the actual hub explaining the general attention for these organelles [ 2 ]. The historical interest for mitochondrial proteins encoded by the mtDNA forming the organelle's respiration [ 3 ], is now matched by that towards structure...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2015) 43 (4): 572–578.
Published: 03 August 2015
... in steroidogenic cells. TSPO's OMM localization [ 2 ] and the finding that DBI acts on mitochondria to induce steroid formation [ 23 ], led to studies on the effects of well-characterized benzodiazepine and isoquinoline carboxamide ligands on corticosteroid and androgen formation by adrenal cortical and testicular...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2015) 43 (4): 553–558.
Published: 03 August 2015
...; published by Portland Press Limited 2015 compound development energy knockout metabolism mitochondria TSPO/PBR The main prescribed role of TSPO/PBR and the mode through which TSPO/PBR targeting therapeutics are thought to work, is the regulation of steroidogenesis via the translocation...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2015) 43 (4): 537–542.
Published: 03 August 2015
... as a subtoxic stress to mitochondria, such as a moderate inhibition of ATP synthesis, which results in the activation of a network of cellular damage responses. An activated stress response in turn is thought to render cells more resistant against degenerative processes, including oxidative damage...