1-50 of 53
Keywords: nitric oxide
Close
Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Articles
Articles
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2021) 49 (1): 495–505.
Published: 05 February 2021
.... This beneficial symbiosis is of importance in the context of sustainable agriculture as legumes do not require the addition of nitrogen fertilizer to grow. Interestingly, nitric oxide (NO) has been detected at various steps of the rhizobium–legume symbiosis where it has been shown to play multifaceted roles. Both...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2020) 48 (6): 2539–2555.
Published: 05 November 2020
...Amir M. Alsharabasy; Sharon A. Glynn; Abhay Pandit The extracellular matrix (ECM) dynamics in tumour tissue are deregulated compared to the ECM in healthy tissue along with disorganized architecture and irregular behaviour of the residing cells. Nitric oxide (NO) as a pleiotropic molecule exerts...
Articles
Articles
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2014) 42 (2): 548–555.
Published: 20 March 2014
... and disease. MG is assayed by derivatization by 1,2-diaminobenzene derivatives in cell extracts. Such assays are not applicable to high sample throughput, subcellular, live-cell and in vivo estimations. The use of fluorogenic probes designed for NO (nitric oxide) detection in biological samples and living...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2014) 42 (1): 108–113.
Published: 23 January 2014
...Opher Gileadi Activation of cGMP synthesis leads to vasodilation, and is an important mechanism in clinical treatment of angina, heart failure, and severe peripheral and pulmonary hypertension. The nitric oxide-responsive sGC (soluble guanylate cyclase) has been the target of recent drug discovery...
Articles
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2011) 39 (6): 1886–1889.
Published: 21 November 2011
...María J. Torres; María I. Rubia; Eulogio J. Bedmar; María J. Delgado Denitrification is the complete reduction of nitrate or nitrite to N 2 , via the intermediates nitric oxide (NO) and nitrous oxide (N 2 O), and is coupled to energy conservation and growth under O 2 -limiting conditions...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2011) 39 (6): 1633–1638.
Published: 21 November 2011
... (vascular endothelial growth factor) flow-dependent nitric oxide release in remodelling skeletal muscle microcirculation is established for elevated (activity, dilatation) and reduced (overload, ischaemia) shear stress, although their temporal relationship to angiogenesis varies. It is clear that growth...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2011) 39 (6): 1832–1837.
Published: 21 November 2011
... conditions and/or excessive ammonia loading, and the presence of high nitrite (NO 2 − ) concentrations, these bacteria are also documented to produce nitric oxide (NO) and nitrous oxide (N 2 O) gases. Essentially, ammonia oxidation in the presence of non-limiting substrate concentrations (ammonia and O 2...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2011) 39 (1): 195–200.
Published: 19 January 2011
...Serena Rinaldo; Giorgio Giardina; Nicoletta Castiglione; Valentina Stelitano; Francesca Cutruzzolà The cd 1 NiRs (nitrite reductases) are enzymes catalysing the reduction of nitrite to NO (nitric oxide) in the bacterial energy conversion denitrification process. These enzymes contain two distinct...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2011) 39 (1): 175–178.
Published: 19 January 2011
... into the atmosphere. 1 To whom correspondence should be addressed (email rosa.martinez@ua.es ). 19 11 2010 © The Authors Journal compilation © 2011 Biochemical Society 2011 ammonium nitrate nitric oxide nitrite nitrogen cycle nitrous oxide Nitrogen is present...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2011) 39 (1): 213–215.
Published: 19 January 2011
..., NrfA, NorV and Hmp that remains to be characterized. 1 To whom correspondence should be addressed (email j.a.cole@bham.ac.uk ). 6 10 2010 © The Authors Journal compilation © 2011 Biochemical Society 2011 anaerobiosis Escherichia coli nitric oxide nitric oxide...
Articles
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2011) 39 (1): 184–188.
Published: 19 January 2011
...Cristina Sánchez; Juan J. Cabrera; Andrew J. Gates; Eulogio J. Bedmar; David J. Richardson; María J. Delgado NO (nitric oxide) is a signal molecule involved in diverse physiological processes in cells which can become very toxic under certain conditions determined by its rate of production...
Articles
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2011) 39 (1): 219–223.
Published: 19 January 2011
... is the detoxification of NO (nitric oxide) to nitrate by the flavohaemoglobin enzyme CaYhb1. Members of the haemoglobin superfamily are highly conserved and are found in archaea, eukaryotes and bacteria. Flavohaemoglobins have a dioxygenase activity [NOD (NO dioxygenase domain)] and contain three domains: a globin...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2011) 39 (1): 207–212.
Published: 19 January 2011
... and molecular basis of denitrification Microbiol. Mol. Biol. Rev. 1997 61 533 616 2 McCleverty J.A. Chemistry of nitric oxide relevant to biology Chem. Rev. 2004 104 403 418 3 Rodionov D.A. Dubchak I.L. Arkin A.P. Alm E.J. Gelfand M.S. Dissimilatory...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2009) 37 (6): 1243–1247.
Published: 19 November 2009
...Lorna R. Fiedler; Beata Wojciak-Stothard ADMA (asymmetric dimethylarginine) is a cardiovascular risk factor and an endogenous inhibitor of NOS (nitric oxide synthase). ADMA is metabolized by DDAHs (dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolases). ADMA levels are increased in cardiovascular disorders...
Articles
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2009) 37 (2): 392–399.
Published: 20 March 2009
...Nicholas J. Watmough; Sarah J. Field; Ross J. L. Hughes; David J. Richardson The two-subunit cytochrome bc complex (NorBC) isolated from membranes of the model denitrifying soil bacterium Paracoccus denitrificans is the best-characterized example of the bacterial respiratory nitric oxide reductases...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2009) 37 (2): 368–372.
Published: 20 March 2009
... and mechanistic insights that may be afforded by working with such electrodes through studies of Escherichia coli NrfA, a pentahaem cytochrome with nitrite and nitric oxide reductase activities. In addition, we demonstrate that the ability to characterize electrocatalytically active protein films by MCD (magnetic...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2008) 36 (6): 1160–1164.
Published: 19 November 2008
... and the signals that they sense has greatly increased. The present article reviews recent developments, with a particular focus on bacterial sensors of nitric oxide. bacterium metalloregulatory protein nitric oxide regulatory protein transcription transition metal cofactor Transition Metals...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2008) 36 (6): 1155–1159.
Published: 19 November 2008
...Serena Rinaldo; Alessandro Arcovito; Giorgio Giardina; Nicoletta Castiglione; Maurizio Brunori; Francesca Cutruzzolà The cytochrome cd 1 nitrite reductases are enzymes that catalyse the reduction of nitrite to nitric oxide (NO) in the bacterial energy conversion denitrification process...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2007) 35 (5): 1258–1263.
Published: 25 October 2007
...O. Pierrefiche; A.P.L. Abdala; J.F.R. Paton NO (nitric oxide) modulates several central pattern generators, but its role in respiratory rhythmogenesis and its mode of action on medullary respiratory neurons during normoxia are unknown. We analysed the actions of NO on the mammalian respiratory...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2007) 35 (5): 1119–1121.
Published: 25 October 2007
...G.C. Brown Inflammation contributes to a wide variety of brain pathologies, apparently via glia killing neurons. A number of mechanisms by which inflammatory-activated microglia and astrocytes kill neurons have been identified in culture. These include iNOS (inducible nitric oxide synthase), which...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2007) 35 (5): 1138–1141.
Published: 25 October 2007
...L. Li; P.K. Moore Biologically active gases that occur naturally in the body include nitric oxide (NO), carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen sulfide (H 2 S). Each of these molecules is synthesized by enzymes which have been characterized biochemically and pharmacologically, and each acts, via well...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2007) 35 (5): 1133–1137.
Published: 25 October 2007
...S. Murphy; C.L. Gibson Cerebral ischaemia results in the activation of three isoforms of NOS (nitric oxide synthase) that contribute to the development of and recovery from stroke pathology. This review discusses, in particular, the role of the transcriptionally activated NOS-2 (inducible NOS...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2006) 34 (1): 130–132.
Published: 20 January 2006
... to the reactive molecule nitric oxide. Further study demonstrated that HCNT1 does not encode the genes for NO reductase. Prolonged incubation of HCNT1 under anoxic conditions revealed that the cells had reduced culturability but not viability when nitrite was present. This may indicate an adaptation to anoxic...
Articles
Articles
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2006) 34 (1): 197–199.
Published: 20 January 2006
... meningitis. Following activation, macrophages produce superoxide (O 2 − ), hydrogen peroxide (H 2 O 2 ) and nitric oxide (NO). The toxicity of O 2 − , generated using X/Xo (xanthine/xanthine oxidase), and H 2 O 2 was investigated in the presence and absence of the NO donor DEA-NONOate [2-( N , N...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2006) 34 (1): 200–202.
Published: 20 January 2006
...S. Spiro Exposure of Escherichia coli to nitric oxide (NO) or nitrosating agents causes significant changes in patterns of gene expression. Three recent studies have used microarrays to analyse the response of the E. coli transcriptome to NO and nitrosative stress. Drawing on the array data, I...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2006) 34 (1): 182–184.
Published: 20 January 2006
...R. Cramm; A. Büsch; K. Strube The σ54-dependent transcriptional regulator NorR of Ralstonia eutropha H16 activates gene expression in response to nitric oxide (NO). The N-terminal domain of NorR is thought to be involved in signal perception. A C112S exchange within this domain abolished promoter...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2006) 34 (1): 185–187.
Published: 20 January 2006
...S. Rinaldo; G. Giardina; M. Brunori; F. Cutruzzolà All denitrifiers can keep the steady-state concentrations of nitrite and nitric oxide (NO) below cytotoxic levels by controlling the expression of denitrification gene clusters by redox signalling through transcriptional regulators belonging...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2005) 33 (6): 1399–1403.
Published: 26 October 2005
... ]. The NO production during mild-to-moderate hypoxic conditions may be prolonged or even increased through an enhanced activity and expression of endothelial NOS (nitric oxide synthase) [ 22 , 23 ]. Additionally, chronic hypoxia may lead to an up-regulation of mitochondrial NOS activity [ 24 ]. A possible interaction...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2005) 33 (1): 176–180.
Published: 01 February 2005
...R.K. Poole Nitric oxide is not only an obligatory intermediate in denitrification, but also a signalling and defence molecule of major importance. However, the basis of resistance to NO and RNS (reactive nitrogen species) is poorly understood in many microbes. The cellular targets of NO and RNS...
Articles
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2005) 33 (1): 190–192.
Published: 01 February 2005
... hepaticus [ 13 ] also contains the haem1 CXXCH motif rather than CXXCK. 1 To whom correspondence should be addressed (email d.kelly@sheffield.ac.uk ). © 2005 The Biochemical Society 2005 Campylobacter Nap nitrate nitric oxide nitrite Nrf The genus Campylobacter...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2005) 33 (1): 193–194.
Published: 01 February 2005
...A. Büsch; K. Strube; B. Friedrich; R. Cramm Nitric oxide reduction in Ralstonia eutropha H16 is catalysed by the quinol-dependent NO reductase NorB. norB and the adjacent norA form an operon that is controlled by the σ 54 -dependent transcriptional activator NorR in response to NO. A NorR...
Articles
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2005) 33 (1): 113–118.
Published: 01 February 2005
... nitrite nitric oxide nitrogenase nitrous oxide reductase X-ray crystal structure The inorganic nitrogen cycle is driven by a diverse range of redox reactions, and provides a wealth of interesting systems with which to study bioenergetics and bioinorganic chemistry. These respiratory reactions...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2005) 33 (1): 187–189.
Published: 01 February 2005
... ]. For these related proteins also, it was observed that the high-spin feature at 638 nm increased as the pH was increased, indicating that, at higher pH, there is an increase in the high-spin state of the protein. cytochrome c ′ Neisseria meningitidis nitrosyl complex nitric oxide purification...
Articles
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2003) 31 (6): 1450–1452.
Published: 01 December 2003
...C.M. Shah; I.C. Locke; H.S. Chowdrey; M.P. Gordge RSNOs (S-nitrosothiols) regulate platelet and megakaryocyte function, and may act in vivo as a nitric oxide reservoir. There is a discrepancy between the spontaneous rate of NO release from different RSNO compounds and their pharmacological effects...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2003) 31 (5): 1059–1061.
Published: 01 October 2003
... for the response to injury. Oxidant stress in atherothrombosis In chronic diseases such as atherothrombosis, however, ROS are responsible for the initiation and perpetuation of Key words: antioxidant, endothelial function, nitric oxide, reactive oxygen species. Abbreviations used: eNOS, endothelial NO synthase...
Articles
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2003) 31 (3): 502–505.
Published: 01 June 2003
...S. Daff The nitric oxide synthases are large, modular, dimeric enzymes composed of a reductase domain, which is related to cytochrome P450 reductase, and a structurally unique oxygenase domain containing a Cys-ligated haem. Both the neuronal and endothelial isoforms are activated by the reversible...