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Keyword: platelet
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Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2015) 43 (4): 720-726.
Published: 03 August 2015
...Madhumita Chatterjee; Dominik Rath; Meinrad Gawaz Platelet-derived SDF-1α (stromal cell derived factor-α) mediates inflammation, immune defence and repair mechanisms at site of tissue injury. This review summarizes the relative expression of CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) and CXCR7 in platelets...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2015) 43 (3): 502-507.
Published: 01 June 2015
...Kirk A. Taylor; Kirk A. Taylor; Joy R. Wright; Martyn P. Mahaut-Smith Pannexin-1 (Panx1) forms anion-selective channels with a permeability up to 1 kDa and represents a pathway for the release of cytosolic ATP. Several structurally similar connexin (Cx) proteins have been identified in platelets...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2014) 42 (2): 279-283.
Published: 20 March 2014
...Ahmed Aburima; Khalid M. Naseem MLCP (myosin light chain phosphatase) regulates platelet function through its ability to control myosin IIa phosphorylation. Recent evidence suggests that MLCP is a de facto target for signalling events stimulated by cAMP. In the present mini-review, we discuss the...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2014) 42 (2): 289-294.
Published: 20 March 2014
...Zaher Raslan; Khalid M. Naseem Blood platelet activation must be tightly regulated to ensure a balance between haemostasis and thrombosis. The cAMP signalling pathway is the most powerful endogenous regulator of blood platelet activation. PKA (protein kinase A), the foremost effector of cAMP...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2014) 42 (2): 250-256.
Published: 20 March 2014
... mauriced@queensu.ca ). 2 Present address: Pfizer Neuroscience, 610 Main Street, Cambridge, MA 02139, U.S.A. 5 12 2013 © The Authors Journal compilation © 2014 Biochemical Society 2014 cAMP cGMP cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (PDE) endothelium platelet...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2011) 39 (2): 518-523.
Published: 22 March 2011
...Elizabeth J. Haining; Jing Yang; Michael G. Tomlinson Platelets are crucial for preventing excessive blood loss at sites of injury by plugging holes in damaged blood vessels through thrombus formation. Platelet thrombi can, however, cause heart attack or stroke by blocking diseased vessels upon...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2007) 35 (5): 1104-1108.
Published: 25 October 2007
...S.C. Pitchford There is now considerable evidence suggesting a role for platelets as inflammatory cells. These actions are distinct from their classically known actions performed during thrombosis and haemostasis, and include the expression of adhesion molecules and contact-dependent activation of...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2007) 35 (5): 1005-1008.
Published: 25 October 2007
...M.T. Harper; A.W. Poole Platelets are central to haemostasis and thrombosis. Many key steps in platelet activation and aggregation are regulated by members of the PKC (protein kinase C) family. Multiple isoforms of PKC are expressed in platelets, and evidence is emerging that different isoforms...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2005) 33 (5): 1096-1100.
Published: 26 October 2005
... studies have reported elevated BACE/β-secretase activity in brain regions affected by the disease. We have demonstrated that robust β-secretase activity is also detectable in platelets that contain APP and release Aβ. This review considers the current evidence for alterations in β-secretase activity, and...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2005) 33 (2): 418-422.
Published: 01 April 2005
...K.-E. Eilertsen; B. Østerud The transmembrane glycoprotein TF (tissue factor) plays an essential role in haemostasis as the principal initiator of blood coagulation. In this paper, we describe how the circulating blood cells – monocytes, platelets, neutrophils and their microparticles – co-operate...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2005) 33 (2): 409-412.
Published: 01 April 2005
...P.B. Maguire; M. Foy; D.J. Fitzgerald Proteomics has provided powerful new insights into the complex events of the anucleate platelet and has revealed many potential protein targets in the search for suitable agents for thrombotic disease. In the present study, we summarize recent proteomic...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2004) 32 (2): 387-392.
Published: 01 April 2004
...S.P. Jackson; C.L. Yap; K.E. Anderson A clear understanding of the role of PI (phosphoinositide) 3-kinases in supporting the haemostatic function of platelets has been slow to evolve. In fact, insight into the roles of individual PI 3-kinase isoforms in platelet function remains rudimentary...
Articles
Biochem Soc Trans (2003) 31 (6): 1450-1452.
Published: 01 December 2003
...C.M. Shah; I.C. Locke; H.S. Chowdrey; M.P. Gordge RSNOs (S-nitrosothiols) regulate platelet and megakaryocyte function, and may act in vivo as a nitric oxide reservoir. There is a discrepancy between the spontaneous rate of NO release from different RSNO compounds and their pharmacological effects...