It is shown that the time-course of incorporation of radioactivity from [3-14C]serine into nucleic acids parallels DNA synthesis following mitogenic stimulation of human peripheral blood lymphocytes by phytohaemagglutinin (PHA). The activity of serine hydroxymethyltransferase was elevated about four-fold in PHA-stimulated lymphocytes compared to that in unstimulated control ceils. It is suggested that lymphocytes, in common with other proliferating cell systems:, may synthesize serine de novo for utilization in pathways of nucleotide biosynthesis following mitogenic stimulation.

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