The protein kinase C-(PKC) activating phorbol esters 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA; 100 nmol/l) and phorbol 12, 13-dibutyrate (PDBU; 100 nmol/l) enhanced basal cyclin AMP accumulation in cultured neonatal mouse calvaria. The cyclic AMP response to parathyroid hormone (PTH; 10 nmol/l) and the adenylate cyclase activators forskolin (1–3 μmol/l) and choleratoxin (0.1 μmg/ml) was potentiated in a more than additive manner by TPA and PDBU. In contrast, phorbol 13-monoacetate (phorb-13; 100 nmol/l), a related compound but inactive on PKC, had no effect on basal or stimulated cyclic AMP accumulation. In the presence of indomethacin (1μmol/l), TPA and PDBU had no effect on cyclic AMP accumulation in calvarial bones per se, but were still able to cause a significant enhancement of the response to PTH, forskolin and choleratoxin. PTH-, forskolin- and choleratoxin-stimulated cyclic AMP accumulation in rat osteosarcoma cells UMR 106-01 was synergistically potentiated by TPA and PDBU, but not by phorb.-13. These data indicate that PKC enhances cyclic AMP formation and that the level of interaction may be at, or distal to, adenylate cyclase.

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