In order to elucidate the mechanisms responsible for the stimulatory effect of perchlorate (ClO4−) on insulin secretion, we have investigated the interaction between this chaotropic anion and the organic calcium antagonist nifedipine. This drug, known as a blocker of L-type calcium channels, was chosen as a tool to test the idea that ClO4− acts on insulin secretion by stimulating the gating of voltage-controlled Ca2+ channels. ClO4− amplified the stimulatory effect of D-glucose on insulin release from perfused pancreas (first and second phases) as well as from isolated islets incubated in static incubations for 60 min. This indicates that ClO4− amplifies physiologically regulated insulin secretion. Nifedipine reduced D-glucose-induced (20 mM) insulin release in a dose-dependent manner with half-maximum effect at about 0.8 μM and apparent maximum effect at 5 μM nifedipine. In the presence of 20 mM D-glucose, the inhibitory effects of 0.5, 1 or 5 μM nifedipine were only slightly, if at all, counteracted by perchlorate. When 12 mM ClO4− and 20 mM D-glucose were combined, calculation of the specific effect of ClO4− revealed that nifedipine produced almost maximum inhibition already at 0.05 μM. Thus, the perchlorate-induced amplification of D-glucose-stimulated insulin release shows higher sensitivity to nifedipine than the D-glucose-effect as such. This supports the hypothesis that perchlorate primarily affects the voltage-sensitive L-type calcium channel in the β-cell.
Rapid Communication| April 01 1993
Interaction between perchlorate and nifedipine on insulin secretion from mouse pancreastic islets
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Gerd Larsson-Nyrén, Janove Sehlin; Interaction between perchlorate and nifedipine on insulin secretion from mouse pancreastic islets. Biosci Rep 1 April 1993; 13 (2): 107–117. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01145963
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