The presence of CCK-containing neuroendocrine cells in human adenomatous prostates, and the colocalization of CCK together with serotonin in the same cell, have been demonstrated by means of an immunohistochemical technique and by a double labeling immunofluorescent staining. CCK-containing neuroendocrine cells had a focal distribution in the prostates and sometimes showed dendrite-like cytoplasmic processes. The major part of CCK (96.55%) colocalized with serotonin.

CCK probably stimulates muscle contraction and endocrine/exocrine secretions in the urogenital tract.

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