Applications of intrinsic fluorescence measurements in the study of Ca2+-transport ATPases are reviewed. Since the initial reports showing that the fluorescence emission was sensitive to Ca2+ binding, a substantial amount of work has focused on the use of both steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy to investigate structure-function relationships in sarcoplasmic reticulum and plasma membrane Ca2+-ATPases. These studies have revealed ligand-induced conformational changes, as well as provided information on protein-protein, protein-solvent and/or protein-lipid interactions in different functional states of these proteins. The main results of these studies, as well as possible future prospects are discussed.

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