The effects of the N-formyl methionyl peptide, formyl-methionyl-leucyl phenylalanine (fMLF) on the lateral mobility of the complement receptor type 1 (CR1/CD35) in glass-adherent human neutrophils were investigated, using fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) and confocal microscopy (CSLM). It was found that addition of 0.1–1 μM fMLF increased the diffusion constant (D) of CR1/CD35 to 167–278% of controls. No effect was observed on the receptor distribution or the mobile fraction of receptors. The effect of fMLF on the lateral diffusion of CR1/CD35 could be totally inhibited by addition of pertussis toxin (PT, 250 ng/ml) or of the free radical scavenger enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD, 2000 U/ml) and catalase (CAT, 200 U/ml), added together the results show that oxidative metabolites produced by neutrophils in response to fMLF can modulate CR1/CD35 diffusion, and indicate a regulatory role for oxygen radicals in phagocytosis.

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