The response to D-glucose (0–21 mM) was studied in neutrophil granulocytes from obese, hyperglycemic and hyperinsulinemic Umeå ob/ob mice and their lean, littermate controls in order to further elucidate the effects of in vivo and in vitro hyperglycemia on neutrophil function. Neutrophil random locomotion on glass and neutrophil resting luminol-enhanced chemiluminescence in cell suspension were studied. Random locomotion was stimulated by D-glucose in neutrophils from both Umeå ob/ob and control mice but the locomotive activity in Umeå ob/ob mouse neutrophils was significantly higher than that found in the controls at 4–21 mM glucose. In both types of mice, the stimulatory effect of D-glucose on random locomotion was diminished at 21 mM glucose (not significantly different from that at 0 mM glucose). Resting chemiluminescence from mouse neutrophils was also stimulated by glucose but here the magnitude of response was similar in neutrophils from both types of mice. These results indicate that chronic hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia in the Umeå ob/ob mouse may be associated with an increased neutrophil random locomotive activity but a similar resting production of reactive oxygen species, as compared with neutrophils from control mice at physiological and hyperglycemic glucose concentrations in vitro.

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