The influence of divalent cations Mg2+, Mn2+, and Ca2+ on the cyclic-AMP-independent protein kinases of the heine-regulated and double-stranded-RNA-activated translational inhibitory protein kinases on self-phosphorylation and heterophosphorylation of the substrate (the 38 000-dalton subunit of initiation factor eIF-2) has been examined, Results show that Mg2+, Mn2+, and Ca2+ affect the activities of these enzymes in the following fashion. Mg2+ supports both self-phosphorylation and heterophosphorylation efficiently. Mn2+ on the other hand supports self-phosphorylation but to a lesser degree the heterophosphorylation, Ca2+ promotes neither self-phosphorylation nor hetero-phosphorylation.

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