The RNA genome of potato spindle tuber viroid (PSTV) is transcribed in vitro into complementary DNA and RNA by DNA-dependent DNA polymerase I and RNA polymerase, respectively, from Escherichia coli. In vitro synthesis of complementary RNA produces distinct transcripts larger than unit length thus reflecting the in vivo mechanism of viroid replication. The influence of varying experimental conditions on the transcription process is studied; actinomycin D is found to drastically reduce complementary RNA synthesis from the PSTV RNA template by RNA polymerase.

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