When the receptors for platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) are activatedthey aggregate, become tyrosine-phosphorylated and elicit a cascade ofdown-stream signals, including mobilization of Ca2+ from intra- andextracellular stores. Receptor mobility in the plane of the membrane isa prerequisite for receptor aggregation and further signalling. Using humanforeskin fibroblasts (AG 1523) and fluorescence recovery afterphotobleaching (FRAP), we therefore assessed the lateral mobilitycharacteristics of PDGF-β2 receptors by their diffusioncoefficient (D), and fraction of mobile receptors (R). This was done oncells stimulated with either normal human serum (NHS) or PDGF underdifferent Ca2+-conditions.
The results suggest that both intra- and extracellular free Ca2+influence the mobility characteristics of the PDGF-β2receptor. Interestingly, the extracellular Ca2+ seems to imposegeneral restrictions on the mobility of receptors, since R increased whenextracellular Ca2+ was quenched with EGTA, whereas intracellularclamping of Ca2+ transients with MABTAM (BAPT/AM) primarily affectedD. When both intra- and extracellular Ca2+ were quenced, D remainedlow and R high, further supporting the proposition that they achievedistinct effects. Inhibition of tyrosine phosphorylation with Erbstatin,partly inhibited the NHS effects and released PDGF-induced receptorimmobilization. Ratio imaging with Fura-2 displayed that both NHS and PDGFinduced changes in intracellular free [Ca2+]. In view of the presentdata it might have important effects on the state of the receptor in themembrane, for instance by regulating its lateral mobility, communicationwith other receptors and signalling functions in the membrane.