Energy status of the novel alkalitolerant Yarrowia lipolytica yeast strain grown at alkaline conditions (pH 9.7) was examined. Cells grown under such severe conditions were found to preserve high respiratory activity. The oxidative phosphorylation system dominated in the energy budget of the cell. A procedure was specially design to isolate tightly coupled mitochondria from yeast cells grown at alkaline conditions. The isolated mitochondrial preparations met known criteria of physiological intactness, as inferred from their ability to maintain distinctive state 4–3 respiration transition upon addition of ADP, high respiratory rates, good respiratory control values, and ADP/O ratios close to the theoretically expected maxima for the substrates used.

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