We have previously shown that several agents which interfere with binding of Iigands to the mannose-glycoprotein receptor on macrophages can inhibit zymosan-induced lysosomal enzyme secretion. Here we show that mannose only reduces the association of zymosan with macrophages during the first hour of exposure; after longer periods of uptake no effect is detectable. We have previously shown that mannose reduces surface binding of zymosan, probably by interfering selectively with binding to the mannose receptor. The present inhibition of association of zymosan with macrophages during short exposures can be entirely explained by this reduction of binding. Macrophages must therefore internalize zymosan at sites in addition to the mannose receptor. In contrast to macrophages the routine macrophage-like cell line P388D1 is lacking the mannose-glycoprotein receptor. Accordingly we find that binding of zymosan to P388D1 is much slighter than to macrophages and is unaffected by mannose or mannose-6-phosphate. The spontaneous lysosomal enzyme secretion of P388D1 is also unaffected by mannose. The data on macrophages confirm our previous suggestion that agents interfering with the mannose receptor inhibit the induction of lysosomal enzyme secretion by acting directly on the receptor. The data on P388D1 ceils support this assertion by excluding effects at later steps in the secretory pathway.

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