The rate of DNA synthesis in the parotid salivary gland of adult mice is very low. We have purified about 5 000-fold a mitogen from the acellular ascitic fluid of the Ehrlich ascites carcinoma which stimulates DNA synthesis in the parotid salivary gland in vivo. This stimulation of DNA synthesis was produced with a protein concentration of this mitogen of 3 μg per 25 g of body weight. The purification procedure included ammonium sulfate fractionation and DEAE Sephacel column chromatography. This potent, heat-labile mitogen is presumed to be a protein with a mol. wt, of 3.5 × 103 to 1.3 × 104. The data indicate that this new factor is quite different from epidermal growth factor and tumor growth factor. Hypophysectomy did not prevent the stimulatory effect of this mitogen on the parotid salivary gland, indicating that the pituitary gland is not involved directly in mediating the mitogenic effect.

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